Clifford C. Marr

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Because postoperative apnea and bradycardia in premature infants following inguinal herniorrhaphy remains a concern, outpatient repair has not been recommended. We have been performing outpatient inguinal herniorrhaphy in premature infants and the present study reviews our experience. Between 1985 and 1990, 1,294 outpatient inguinal herniorrhaphies were(More)
Markedly premature infants may present with intestinal obstruction and perforation secondary to inspissated meconium in the absence of cystic fibrosis. Between 1990 and 1994, 13 patients were treated for intestinal obstruction secondary to inspissated meconium. The average birth weight was 760 g. Prenatal and postnatal risk factors were identified, and(More)
Over a 5-year period ending June 1986, 183 premature infants with evidence of a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) associated with cardiopulmonary compromise underwent pharmacologic and/or surgical ductal manipulation. One hundred seven infants underwent surgical ligation and 76 initially received indomethacin. The average birth(More)
Respiratory failure from pulmonary hypoplasia continues to be the major cause of death in newborn infants with diaphragmatic hernia. Recent investigations have suggested that postnatally induced pulmonary injury can result from excessive positive or negative intrathoracic pressure and contribute to the respiratory deterioration. Therefore, the method of(More)
Gastrostomy and staged repair are techniques frequently recommended for the management of esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF), especially for those infants at high risk. We describe 42 consecutive patients with EA-TEF treated during the past 8 years. Staged repair and preliminary gastrostomy were not routinely employed. Fifteen(More)
The loss of normal anatomic barriers in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can predispose children to gastroesophageal reflux (GER). In an attempt to improve post-operative feeding, we have added a modified anterior fundoplication to restore natural gastric and esophageal positioning. The institutional review board of both participating(More)
Over a 5-year period ending in June 1986, 234 neonates with evidence of a significant patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) underwent ductal manipulation. Thirty-four infants (15%) developed evidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). When NEC and treatment of PDA were within 72 hours of each other, there was a 71% mortality rate. When NEC and PDA ligation were(More)
Breast cancer in association with pregnancy and lactation is rare, but presents a therapeutic problem of considerable magnitude. The outlook for such patients is less favorable than that of nonpregnant, nonlactating women, probably because the stage of the disease is more advanced when it is discovered. The most significant factor in the poorer prognosis is(More)
Many complications related to prematurity may require surgical intervention. Between July 1981 and July 1987, treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) (228 patients), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) (49 patients), and complications of high-pressure ventilation (eight patients) was reviewed. A PDA was ligated in 136 patients, with one death and one(More)