Clifford A Toleman

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Dysregulation of the proteasome has been documented in a variety of human diseases such as Alzheimer, muscle atrophy, cataracts etc. Proteolytic activity of 26 S proteasome is ATP- and ubiquitin-dependent. O-GlcNAcylation of Rpt2, one of the AAA ATPases in the 19 S regulatory cap, shuts off the proteasome through the inhibition of ATPase activity. Thus,(More)
Histones and transcription factors are regulated by a number of post-translational modifications that in turn regulate the transcriptional activity of genes. These modifications occur in large, multisubunit complexes. We have reported previously that mSin3A can recruit O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) along with histone deacetylase into such a corepressor(More)
Streptozotocin (STZ) is a 2-deoxy-d-glucopyranose derivative of a class of drugs known as alkylnitrosoureas, and is an established diabetogenic agent whose cytotoxic affects on pancreatic beta-cells has been partially explained by the presence of its N-methyl-N-nitrosourea side chain, which has the ability to release nitric oxide as well as donate methyl(More)
Mechanisms controlling nuclear hormone receptors are a central question to mammalian developmental and disease processes. Herein, we show that a subtle increase in O-GlcNAc levels inhibits activation of nuclear hormone receptors. In vivo, increased levels of O-GlcNAc impair estrogen receptor activation and cause a decrease in mammary ductal side-branching(More)
Nuclear cytoplasmic O-GlcNAcase and acetyltransferase (NCOAT) is a bifunctional enzyme with both glycoside hydrolase and alkyltransferase activity. Its O-GlcNAcase active site lies in the N terminus of the enzyme and its histone acetyltransferase (HAT) domain lies in the C terminus. Whereas the HAT domain of the enzyme is catalytically and structurally(More)
NCOAT is a bifunctional nucleo-cytoplasmic protein with both O-GlcNAcase and histone acetyltransferase domains. The O-GlcNAcase domain catalyzes the removal of O-linked GlcNAc modifications from proteins and we have found that it resides in the N-terminal third of NCOAT. The recognition of the substrate GlcNAc suggests that the O-GlcNAcase is related in(More)
O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a critical post-translational modification (PTM) of thousands of intracellular proteins. Reversible O-GlcNAcylation governs many aspects of cell physiology and is dysregulated in numerous human diseases. Despite this broad pathophysiological significance, major aspects of O-GlcNAc signaling remain poorly(More)
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