Cliff I. Stains

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This work describes the development of a new methodology for the detection of specific double-stranded DNA sequences. We previously showed that two inactive fragments of green fluorescent protein, each coupled to engineered zinc finger DNA-binding proteins, were able to reassemble an active reporter complex in the presence of a predefined DNA sequence. This(More)
Given the clear role of protein aggregation in human disease, there is a critical need for assays capable of quantifying protein aggregation in living systems. We hypothesized that the inherently low background and biocompatibility of luminescence signal readouts could provide a potential solution to this problem. Herein, we describe a set of(More)
Split-protein reporters have emerged as a powerful methodology for imaging biomolecular interactions which are of much interest as targets for chemical intervention. Herein we describe a systematic evaluation of split-proteins, specifically the green fluorescent protein, beta-lactamase, and several luciferases, for their ability to function as reporters in(More)
The ability to conditionally turn on a signal or induce a function in the presence of a user-defined RNA target has potential applications in medicine and synthetic biology. Although sequence-specific pumilio repeat proteins can target a limited set of ssRNA sequences, there are no general methods for targeting ssRNA with designed proteins. As a first step(More)
Methodologies to detect DNA sequences with high sensitivity and specificity have tremendous potential as molecular diagnostic agents. Most current methods exploit the ability of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) to base pair with high specificity to a complementary molecule. However, recent advances in robust techniques for recognition of DNA in the major and(More)
We describe a general methodology for the direct detection of DNA by the design of a split-protein system that reassembles to form an active complex only in the presence of a targeted DNA sequence. This approach, called SEquence Enabled Reassembly (SEER) of proteins, combines the ability to rationally dissect proteins to construct oligomerization-dependent(More)
Currently there are no direct methods for the sequence-specific detection of DNA-methylation at CpG dinucleotides, which provide a possible diagnostic marker for cancer. Toward this goal, we present a methodology termed mCpG-SEquence Enabled Reassembly (mCpG-SEER) of proteins utilizing a split green fluorescent protein (GFP) tethered to specific DNA(More)
We describe the directed evolution of a miniature beta-sheet protein for targeting beta-amyloid oligomers implicated in Alzheimer's disease. Circular dichroism spectroscopy, thermal denaturation experiments, and immunoglobulin binding assays established that our beta-amyloid-targeted miniature protein, TJ10, presents a well-folded thermostable beta-sheet.(More)
Defining perturbations in protein kinase activity within biological samples can provide insight into disease mechanisms as well as potential targets for drug development. In this article, we present a method that utilizes a phosphorylation-sensitive amino acid, termed CSox, to afford kinase-selective biosensors capable of reporting on enzymatic activity(More)