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This paper outlines an original interactivist-constructivist (I-C) approach to modeling intelligence and learning as a dynamical embodied form of adaptiveness and explores some applications of I-C to understanding the way cognitive learning is realised in the brain. Two key ideas for conceptualising intelligence within this framework are developed. These(More)
In this paper we outline a theory of the nature of self-directed agents. On our account what is distinctive about self-directed agents is that they are able to anticipate interaction processes and evaluate their performance. This allows self-directed agents to modify their behaviour context sensitively so as to improve the achievement of goals, and in(More)
Analytic moral philosophy's strong divide between empirical and normative restricts facts to providing information for the application of norms and does not allow them to confront or challenge norms. So any genuine attempt to incorporate experience and empirical research into bioethics--to give the empirical more than the status of mere 'descriptive(More)
The Aristotle-Kant tradition requires that autonomous activity must originate within the self and points toward a new type of causation (different from natural efficient causation) associated with teleology. Notoriously, it has so far proven impossible to uncover a workable model of causation satisfying these requirements without an increasingly(More)
Although recent clinical trials have demonstrated the increasing promise of gene therapy, they have also illustrated the difficulties of assessing risks, given the inherent uncertainty of trial outcomes. An international survey was conducted to investigate gene therapy researchers' perceptions and assessments of risks in clinical trials. Data from(More)
It is now commonly accepted that N. Goodman's predicate "grue" presents the theory of confirmation of C. G. Hempel (and other such theories) with grave difficulties. The precise nature and status of these "difficulties" has, however, never been made clear. In this paper it is argued that it is very unlikely that "grue" raises any formal difficulties for(More)