Clian-Soo Soo Hwang

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Surface signaling plays a major role in fungal infection. Topographical features of the plant surface and chemicals on the surface can trigger germination of fungal spores and differentiation of the germ tubes into appressoria. Ethylene, the fruit-ripening hormone, triggers germination of conidia, branching of hyphae, and multiple appressoria formation in(More)
The difference in link condition of multicast users makes it difficult to use adaptive modulation in the multicast communications over wireless channels. Therefore, the physical layer mode is usually adapted to the worst case link condition. In this paper, we propose a new adaptive modulation method for multicast communications. The method separates data(More)
Appressorium formation in germinating Colletotrichum gloeosporioides is induced by the surface wax of its host. One of the genes expressed uniquely in C. gloeosporioides during appressorium formation induced by the host signal has been designated cap20, and this gene and its cDNA were cloned and sequenced. Nucleotide sequences of both revealed an open(More)
We investigated the mechanism of mitomycin C (MMC)-induced apoptosis in SNU-16 human gastric adenocarcinoma cells. Caspase-8 and caspase-3 were activated in MMC-treated cells whereas caspase-1 was not activated, and cytochrome c was released from mitochondrial membrane to cytosol suggesting that caspase-9 was activated during the MMC-induced apoptotic(More)
The primary structure deduced from the cDNA of a medium-chain fatty acyl-CoA hydrolase designated thioesterase B from the uropygial gland of mallard duck was determined. A near full-length thioesterase B cDNA was isolated from a duck uropygial gland cDNA library using a 120-base pair polymerase chain reaction probe generated from first strand of cDNA and(More)
Resistance switching random access memory (RRAM) has drawn considerable attention for the application in nonvolatile memory element in semiconductor memory devices. A ZnO thin film now assumed to be useful for dynamic random access memory (DRAM) cell. In this paper we provide a framework to its use as a switching ON or OFF in DRAM cell. In this type of(More)
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