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In postmenopausal women oral ethinylestradiol causes a reduction in circulating insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and an increase in serum growth hormone levels. There are no data on the effect of conjugated estrogens, the preparation most often used in estrogen replacement treatment (ERT), on these parameters. We evaluated serum IGF-1 and growth hormone(More)
Controlled studies and most observational studies published over the last 5 years suggest that the addition of synthetic progestins to estrogen in hormone replacement therapy (HRT), particularly in continuous-combined regimen, increases the breast cancer (BC) risk compared to estrogen alone. By contrast, a recent study suggests that the addition of natural(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect on hot flushes of a soy isoflavone extract alone (Study A) and with the addition of a supplement of polyunsaturated fatty acids, PUFAs (Study B). METHODS Subjects were postmenopausal women (29 in Study A, 28 in Study B) with more than five troublesome hot flushes per day. Both studies were double-blind randomized(More)
Unlike parenteral estrogens, oral estrogen administration in menopause causes, through its hepatocellular action, a significant decrease of circulating insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels; this effect is opposed by the addition of an androgenic progestogen. In vitro studies show that IGF-I is a potent mitogen for 'estrogen responsive' breast cancer(More)
In the last two decades the prevailing opinion, supported by the "estrogen augmented by progesterone" hypothesis, has been that progesterone contributes to the development of breast cancer (BC). Support for this opinion was provided by the finding that some synthetic progestins, when added to estrogen in hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for menopausal(More)
Oral oestrogen treatment in postmenopausal women causes a decrease of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) serum level, probably through a hepatocellular effect. To explore the possibility that the androgenic progestogens oppose this effect, serum IGF-I and sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) were evaluated in two groups of patients treated respectively(More)
OBJECTIVE Circulating insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is mainly produced by the liver under GH stimulation and is influenced by nutrition and insulin. IGF-I bioavailability is regulated by interactions with specific binding proteins (IGFBPs). The objective of this paper is to review available data on modifications of the IGF-I system in menopausal(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine (1) the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection in male and female patients with reproductive disorders and controls; (2) the presence of anti-H. pylori antibodies in samples of follicular fluid, vaginal secretions and sperm; and (3) the existence of a structural homology between a major spermatozoa protein, tubulin, and H. pylori(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether patients with Eating Disorders (ED) who restore menses differ from those who remain amenorrheic after treatment and to provide longitudinal data about this debated criterion of Anorexia Nervosa (AN). METHODS 184 outpatients were recruited: 50 patients with AN Restrictive type, 75 amenorrheic Eating Disorder Not Otherwise(More)