Clemens Walther

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The contamination of Japan after the Fukushima accident has been investigated mainly for volatile fission products, but only sparsely for actinides such as plutonium. Only small releases of actinides were estimated in Fukushima. Plutonium is still omnipresent in the environment from previous atmospheric nuclear weapons tests. We investigated soil and plants(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate noncontrast material-enhanced steady-state free precession (SSFP) magnetic resonance (MR) angiography in the assessment of transplant renal arteries (RAs) by using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was approved by the institutional review board; written(More)
SCUBA-2 is an innovative 10000 pixel bolometer camera operating at submillimetre wavelengths on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT). The camera has the capability to carry out wide-field surveys to unprecedented depths, addressing key questions relating to the origins of galaxies, stars and planets. With two imaging arrays working simultaneously in the(More)
The Fukushima nuclear accident (March 11, 2011) caused the widespread contamination of Japan by direct deposition of airborne radionuclides. Analysis of weekly air filters has revealed sporadic releases of radionuclides long after the Fukushima Daiichi reactors were stabilized. One major discharge was observed in August 2013 in monitoring stations north of(More)
The influence of dissolved CO(2) on the sorption of trivalent curium (Cm) on alumina (gamma-Al(2)O(3)) and kaolinite was investigated by time resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy (TRLFS) using the optical properties of Cm as a local luminescent probe. Measurements were performed at T < 20 K on Cm loaded gamma-Al(2)O(3) and kaolinite wet pastes prepared(More)
One of the most toxic byproducts of nuclear power and weapons production is the transuranics, which have a high radiotoxicity and long biological half-life due to their tendency to accumulate in the skeletal system. This accumulation is inhomogeneous and has been associated with the chemical properties and structure of the bone material rather than its(More)
Size dispersion effects during the migration of natural submicron bentonite colloids (<200 nm) through a ceramic column are observed for the first time by laser-induced breakdown detection (LIBD) at ppm (parts per million) mass concentration. Larger size fractions ( approximately 200 nm) arrive prior to smaller size fractions (<100 nm) at the column outlet(More)
The present work focuses on highly selective ligands for An(III)/Ln(III) separation: bis(triazinyl)bipyridines (BTBPs). By combining time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy, nanoelectrospray ionization mass spectrometry, vibronic sideband spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction, we obtain a detailed picture of the structure and stoichiometry of(More)
Since its inauguration in 2005, the INE-Beamline for actinide research at the synchrotron source ANKA (KIT North Campus) provides dedicated instrumentation for x-ray spectroscopic characterization of actinide samples and other radioactive materials. R&D work at the beamline focuses on various aspects of nuclear waste disposal within INE's mission to provide(More)