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PURPOSE AZD2171 is a highly potent oral selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling. This phase I study was designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of increasing doses of AZD2171, with additional assessments of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS In part A, 36 patients with solid(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical data clearly indicate a correlation between tumor neovascularization, aggressiveness of tumor growth, and metastatic spread. One of the key factors capable of stimulating tumor angiogenesis is vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Using an immunoassay for VEGF, we assessed the levels of soluble VEGF in the sera and effusions of(More)
BACKGROUND Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have potential use in clinical therapy and regenerative medicine. One of the major challenges regarding the application of these cells is the development of an efficient cryopreservation protocol, since current methods, which include slow-freezing-rapid thawing and vitrification of colonies in suspension,(More)
BACKGROUND The intravasation of breast cancer into the lymphendothelium is an early step of metastasis. Little is known about the mechanisms of bulky cancer invasion into lymph ducts. METHODS To particularly address this issue, we developed a 3-dimensional co-culture model involving MCF-7 breast cancer cell spheroids and telomerase-immortalised human(More)
Antiangiogenic therapy is a promising new strategy of inhibiting tumor growthand formation of metastases. Recently, a number of compounds with different effects on tumor endothelial cells have entered clinical trials and revealed the need for diagnostic methods to detect their biological activity. Dynamic enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (dyMRI) is used(More)
PURPOSE The shortening of infusion time from 3 to 1 hour decreases the systemic exposure (area under the curve, AUC) of total and unbound paclitaxel but increases the AUC of its vehicle Cremophor EL, whereas the time above total paclitaxel concentrations of 0.05 micromol/L (T >0.05) remains almost constant. As both Cremophor EL and paclitaxel are(More)
PURPOSE BIBF 1120 is an oral, potent angiokinase inhibitor targeting receptors of the vascular endothelial growth factors, platelet-derived growth factors, and fibroblast growth factors. This phase I, accelerated titration study assessed the maximum tolerated dose, safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamic effects of BIBF 1120. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Plasma and serum biomarkers of angiogenesis and activated endothelial cells were evaluated to assess biological activity of PTK787/ZK 222584 (PTK/ZK), a novel oral angiogenesis inhibitor targeting all known vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor tyrosine kinases. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) (n=63) were(More)
PURPOSE Liposomal encapsulation of doxorubicin is designed to increase safety and tolerability by decreasing cardiac and gastrointestinal toxicity through decreased exposure of these tissues to doxorubicin, while effectively delivering drug to the tumor. We conducted an open-label phase I study to determine the pharmacokinetic profile of a single dose of(More)
BACKGROUND Vandetanib is a once-daily oral inhibitor of VEGFR, EGFR and RET signaling pathways. In patients with advanced colorectal cancer and liver metastases, the effect of vandetanib on tumor vasculature was assessed using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). METHODS Eligible patients received vandetanib 100 or 300 mg/day.(More)