Clemens Unger

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PURPOSE AZD2171 is a highly potent oral selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling. This phase I study was designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of increasing doses of AZD2171, with additional assessments of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS In part A, 36 patients with solid(More)
PURPOSE Regorafenib is a novel oral multikinase inhibitor of angiogenic (VEGFR1-3, TIE2), stromal (PDGFR-β, FGFR), and oncogenic kinases (KIT, RET, and RAF). This first-in-man, phase I dose-escalation study assessed the safety, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, and efficacy profiles of regorafenib in patients with advanced solid tumors. PATIENTS AND(More)
PURPOSE PTK787/ZK 222584 (PTK/ZK), an orally active inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor tyrosine kinases, inhibits VEGF-mediated angiogenesis. The pharmacodynamic effects of PTK/ZK were evaluated by assessing changes in contrast-enhancement parameters of metastatic liver lesions using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance(More)
PURPOSE BIBF 1120 is an oral, potent angiokinase inhibitor targeting receptors of the vascular endothelial growth factors, platelet-derived growth factors, and fibroblast growth factors. This phase I, accelerated titration study assessed the maximum tolerated dose, safety, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamic effects of BIBF 1120. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
Hexadecylphosphocholine (HPC) differs from ether lipids with known antitumor activity by its lack of the glycerol part. In the experiments described here HPC revealed outstanding antitumor activity in dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA)-induced rat mammary tumors. A dose-response relationship was seen after daily oral treatment with complete suppression of tumor(More)
BACKGROUND Vandetanib is a once-daily oral inhibitor of VEGFR, EGFR and RET signaling pathways. In patients with advanced colorectal cancer and liver metastases, the effect of vandetanib on tumor vasculature was assessed using dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). METHODS Eligible patients received vandetanib 100 or 300 mg/day.(More)
The aim of this prospective study was to assess the efficacy, clinical benefit and safety of CPT-11 (irinotecan) in patients with stringently-defined 5-fluorouracil-resistant metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC). 107 patients with documented progression of metastatic CRC during 5-FU were treated with CPT-11 350 mg/m2 once every 3 weeks in a multicentre phase(More)
Hexadecylphosphocholine (He-PC), a novel phospholipid derivative, was tested against Leishmania donovani and Leishmania infantum, the causative agents of visceral leishmaniasis. In vitro, promastigotes were highly susceptible to He-PC; the 50% inhibitory concentrations were between 0.89 and 2.25 micrograms/ml for the different leishmanial strains. In vivo,(More)
Antiangiogenic therapy is a promising new strategy of inhibiting tumor growthand formation of metastases. Recently, a number of compounds with different effects on tumor endothelial cells have entered clinical trials and revealed the need for diagnostic methods to detect their biological activity. Dynamic enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (dyMRI) is used(More)
The family of VEGF receptors are important mediators of angiogenesis, which is essential for tumour growth and metastasis. PTK/ZK is a multiple VEGF receptor inhibitor that blocks the activity of all known VEGF receptor tyrosine kinases. This phase I/II trial evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics and efficacy of PTK/ZK in patients with liver metastases(More)