Clemens Suter-Crazzolara

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Transforming growth factor-betas (TGF-betas) constitute an expanding family of multifunctional cytokines with prominent roles in development, cell proliferation, differentiation, and repair. We have cloned, expressed, and raised antibodies against a distant member of the TGF-betas, growth/differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15). GDF-15 is identical to macrophage(More)
The superfamily of transforming growth factors-beta (TGF-beta) comprises an expanding list of multifunctional proteins serving as regulators of cell proliferation and differentiation. Prominent members of this family include the TGF-beta s 1-5, activins, bone morphogenetic proteins and a recently discovered glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor(More)
Growth/differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) is a novel member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of multifunctional cytokines. We show here that GDF5 is expresed in the developing CNS including the mesencephalon and acts as a neurotrophic, survival promoting molecule for rat dopaminergic midbrain neurons, which degenerate in(More)
We have isolated the rat, mouse and human genes of a distant member of the TGF-beta superfamily, growth/differentiation factor-15/macrophage inhibiting cytokine-1 (GDF-15/MIC-1) by screening of genomic libraries. All three genes are composed of two exons, and contain one single intron that interrupts the coding sequences at identical positions within the(More)
We have cloned, expressed, and raised antibodies against a novel member of the TGF-beta superfamily, growth/differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15). The predicted protein is identical to macrophage inhibitory cytokine-1 (MIC-1), which was discovered simultaneously. GDF-15 is a more distant member of the TGF-beta superfamily and does not belong to one of the(More)
Members of the TGF-beta family have been described to bind to a heteromeric complex of two types of serine/threonine kinase receptors, named T beta R-I and T beta R-II. These receptor molecules are essential for TGF-beta-specific signalling. Several type I and type II receptors have been identified by a variety of methods. TGF-beta 2 and 3 are widely(More)
A recently cloned neurotrophic factor, Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (GDNF), has been implicated in the survival and morphological and functional differentiation of midbrain dopaminergic neurones in vitro. GDNF has therefore been proposed as a factor which may have utility in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. In the present study, we have(More)
Glia cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), a recently cloned member of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, has been implicated in the survival, morphological and functional differentiation of midbrain dopaminergic neurons and motoneurons in vitro and in vivo. The factor may thus have utility in the treatment of various human(More)
Polyadenylation of messenger RNA precursors requires the nucleotide sequence AAUAAA and two factors: poly(A) polymerase and a specificity factor termed cleavage and polyadenylation factor (CPF). We have purified CPF from calf thymus and from HeLa cells to near homogeneity. Four polypeptides with molecular masses of 160, 100, 73, and 30 kDa cofractionate(More)