Clemens Malainer

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Agonists of the nuclear receptor PPARγ are therapeutically used to combat hyperglycaemia associated with the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. In spite of being effective in normalization of blood glucose levels, the currently used PPARγ agonists from the thiazolidinedione type have serious side effects, making the discovery of novel ligands highly(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The transcription factor NF-κB orchestrates many pro-inflammatory signals and its inhibition is considered a promising strategy to combat inflammation. Here we report the characterization of the natural product plumericin as a highly potent inhibitor of the NF-κB pathway with a novel chemical scaffold, which was isolated via a(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a key regulator of glucose and lipid metabolism. Agonists of this nuclear receptor are used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and are also studied as a potential treatment of other metabolic diseases, including nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Silymarin, a concentrated phenolic mixture from milk(More)
The roots of Eurycoma longifolia have been used in many countries of Southeast Asia to alleviate various diseases including malaria, dysentery, sexual insufficiency, and rheumatism. Although numerous studies have reported the pharmacological properties of E. longifolia, the mode of action of the anti-inflammatory activity has not been elucidated. Bioguided(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE The root bark of Lycium chinense Miller, Lycii radicis cortex, has been used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) to treat different inflammation-related symptoms, such as diabetes mellitus. The pro-inflammatory transcription factor nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is a key regulator of inflammation, while the transcription(More)
BACKGROUND Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists are clinically used to counteract hyperglycemia. However, so far experienced unwanted side effects, such as weight gain, promote the search for new PPARγ activators. METHODS We used a combination of in silico, in vitro, cell-based and in vivo models to identify and validate(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a key regulator of glucose and lipid metabolism and therefore an important pharmacological target to combat metabolic diseases. Since the currently used full PPARγ agonists display serious side effects, identification of novel ligands, particularly partial agonists, is highly relevant. Searching(More)
In the search for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) active constituents from the roots and rhizomes of Notopterygium incisum, 11 new polyacetylene derivatives (1-11) were isolated. Their structures were elucidated by NMR and HRESIMS as new polyyne hybrid molecules of falcarindiol with sesquiterpenoid or phenylpropanoid moieties, named(More)
Activation of nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) contributes to several beneficial bioactivities of natural products, including induction of an increased cellular stress resistance and prevention or resolution of inflammation. In this study, the potential of a crude leaf extract of Chromolaena odorata, traditionally used against inflammation(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Seventeen plants used in Vietnamese traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammatory disorders were screened for NF-κB inhibitory activity. Oroxylum indicum, which exhibited activity, was investigated in detail. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty plant extracts from 17 species were prepared by maceration using dichloromethane(More)