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OBJECTIVE Low levels of fetuin-A, a systemic calcification inhibitor, are linked to mortality in patients on dialysis. In contrast, elevated fetuin-A is associated with cardiovascular events in non-renal patients. We investigated fetuin-A in patients with type 2 diabetes and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We studied(More)
OBJECTIVE YKL-40 is secreted by macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions and involved in plaque rupture. YKL-40 is elevated in coronary artery disease, and predicts cardiovascular mortality. Experimental in vivo and in vitro data suggest a role of YKL-40 in tissue remodeling. A disease modulating potency of YKL-40 was not investigated in peripheral arterial(More)
OBJECTIVE The risk of cardiovascular death before the age of 40 is 20-fold higher in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients without diabetes. We hypothesized that EPCs are modified in children with T1DM and are related to characteristics of T1DM such as(More)
BACKGROUND Patients suffering from morbid obesity (MO) have an increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This increased cardiovascular burden is believed to be caused by a sub-inflammatory state through an increased secretion of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) by the adipose tissue, resulting in insulin resistance (IR) and type 2 diabetes(More)
Advances in acute cardiovascular care have rebutted the old paradigm that diabetics without previous myocardial infarction have the same cardiovascular risk as non-diabetics with myocardial infarction (1). The prognosis of diabetes patients is better determined by long-term medical management than acute interventions (2). The cardiovascular event and death(More)
Recently, SFRP4 was identified as a molecular link between islet inflammation and defective insulin secretion. Gene co-expression analysis detected a molecule associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), elevated HbA1c, and reduced insulin secretion in mice as well as in a pilot sample of humans. To our knowledge SFRP4 has never been investigated in(More)
Despite a marked improvement in the overall prognosis of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), cardiovascular morbidity/mortality is still increased. Since cellular and microvascular aberrations have been demonstrated already in children with T1DM, albeit a good glycemic control (CO), we hypothesized that early macrovascular changes can be detected(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent advances in catheter-based intervention in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have halved mortality. Mortality of PAD patients still remains high compared to other clinical forms of atherosclerosis. Intensified patient care might increase adherence to medical management and benefit the survival of PAD patients. (More)