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BACKGROUND Several studies reported high failures rates after internal fixation of proximal humerus fractures. Loss of reduction and screw cut-out are the most common reasons for revision surgery. Several risk factors for failure have been described in the literature. The aim of the present study was to assess risk factors for failure after surgical(More)
INTRODUCTION Bone strength plays an important role in implant anchorage. Bone mineral density (BMD) is used as surrogate parameter to quantify bone strength and to predict implant anchorage. BMD can be measured by means of quantitative computer tomography (QCT) or dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). These noninvasive methods for BMD measurement are not(More)
INTRODUCTION The surgical fixation of unstable, varus displaced two-part fractures of the proximal humerus remains challenging. MATERIALS AND METHODS In a case series of 10 non-compliant, high-risk patients (median age 63 years; range 52-78), a cancellous allograft was used to augment plate fixation of the fractures. RESULTS After a median follow-up of(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoporotic fractures of the proximal humerus show an increasing incidence. Osteoporosis not only influences the fracture risk after low-energy trauma, but also affects the mechanical stability of internal fixation. Preoperative assessment of the local bone quality may be useful in the surgical treatment of patients sustaining these injuries.(More)
Antegrade nailing of proximal humeral fractures using a straight nail can damage the bony insertion of the supraspinatus tendon and may lead to varus failure of the construct. In order to establish the ideal anatomical landmarks for insertion of the nail and their clinical relevance we analysed CT scans of bilateral proximal humeri in 200 patients (mean age(More)
PURPOSE Texture analysis of femur radiographs may serve as a potential low cost technique to predict osteoporotic fracture risk and has received considerable attention in the past years. A further application of this technique may be the measurement of the quality of specific bone compartments to provide useful information for treatment of bone fractures.(More)
Fractures of the proximal femur are one of the principal causes of mortality among elderly persons. Traditional methods for the determination of femoral fracture risk use methods for measuring bone mineral density. However, BMD alone is not sufficient to predict bone failure load for an individual patient and additional parameters have to be determined for(More)
BACKGROUND The Epoca-Reconstruction-(Reco)®-Glenoid has been developed to treat patients with cuff-tear-arthropathy. The glenoid component of this system has a hemispheric shape that canopies the humeral head. This design is believed to provide a stable fulcrum and restore normal deltoid function. The purpose of this study was to analyse strengths and(More)
Currently, conventional X-ray and CT images as well as invasive methods performed during the surgical intervention are used to judge the local quality of a fractured proximal femur. However, these approaches are either dependent on the surgeon's experience or cannot assist diagnostic and planning tasks preoperatively. Therefore, in this work a method for(More)
INTRODUCTION Bone strength determines fracture risk and fixation strength of osteosynthesis implants. In vivo, bone strength is currently measured indirectly by quantifying bone mineral density (BMD) which is however only one determinant of the bone's biomechanical competence besides the bone's macro- and micro-architecture and tissue related parameters. We(More)