Clemens Günther

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The family of VEGF receptors are important mediators of angiogenesis, which is essential for tumour growth and metastasis. PTK/ZK is a multiple VEGF receptor inhibitor that blocks the activity of all known VEGF receptor tyrosine kinases. This phase I/II trial evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics and efficacy of PTK/ZK in patients with liver metastases(More)
Vatalanib (PTK787/ZK-222584) is a new oral antiangiogenic molecule that inhibits all known vascular endothelial growth factor receptors. Vatalanib is under investigation for the treatment of solid tumors. Disposition and biotransformation of vatalanib were studied in an open-label, single-center study in patients with advanced cancer. Seven patients were(More)
PTK/ZK is a novel, oral angiogenesis inhibitor that specifically targets all 3 vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor tyrosine kinases and is currently in phase III clinical trials. In early clinical trials, PTK/ZK demonstrated a dose-dependent reduction in tumor vascular parameters as measured by dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance(More)
Purpose. Highly lipophilic basic drugs, the antiestrogens AE 1 (log P = 5.82) and AE 2 (log P = 7.8) shall be delivered transdermally. Methods. Transdermal permeation of drugs, enhancers, and solvents from various fluid formulations were characterized by in-vitro permeation studies through excised skin of hairless mice. Furthermore, differential scanning(More)
The theoretical background and the implementation of a new interval arithmetic approach for solving sets of differential-algebraic equations (DAEs) are presented. The proposed approach computes guaranteed enclosures of all reachable states of dynamical systems described by sets of DAEs with uncertainties in both initial conditions and system parameters. The(More)
Transdermal systems (TDS) are a well-known application form for small, moderately lipophilic molecules. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of applying a highly lipophilic drug, the antiestrogen AE (log P=5.82) transdermally by polyacrylate-based matrix TDS. For this purpose, two effects of both drug and enhancer concentration in TDS(More)
Purpose. The aim of this study was to enhance the transdermal absorption of the highly active progestin gestodene from matrix type transdermal delivery systems (TDDS) by formation of prodrugs with improved matrix solubility. Methods. Gestodene esters were synthesized via acylation of the drug with the respective carboxylic anhydrides. Subsequently TDDS were(More)
In a psychophysiological experiment with 18 patients with cardiovascular disorders but without infarction we proved the influence of habituallized cognitive structures on reactivity under mental load. We used the concepts of different causal attribution (Explanatory style: Peterson and Seligman) and psychic regulation of activity and action (Activity style:(More)
Bacteria and fungi are located in the stratum corneum and the hair follicles. Therefore, the development and assessment of efficient drugs requires standard in vivo investigation methods permitting a differentiation between intercellular and follicular penetration and storage of topically applied anti-microbial substances. In the present study, the(More)
The aim of this study was to develop matrix-type transdermal systems (TDSs) containing the highly lipophilic (log P = 5.82) antiestrogen (AE) and the permeation enhancers propylene glycol and lauric acid. For that purpose, permeation of AE from various adhesive matrices through excised skin of hairless mice was evaluated. It was found that pretreatment of(More)