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Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies of schizophrenia have revealed white matter abnormalities in several areas of the brain. The functional impact on either psychopathology or cognition remains, however, poorly understood. Here we analysed both functional MRI (during a working memory task) and DTI data sets in 18 patients with schizophrenia and 18(More)
The aim of the study was to investigate the relation of the blink reflex R1 arc to known anatomical brainstem structures. Acute vascular brainstem lesions as identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of patients with isolated R1 pathology were superimposed into a stereotactic anatomical atlas using a new method of digital postprocessing. Isolated acute(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although dysarthria is a frequent symptom in cerebral ischemia, there is little information on its anatomic specificity, spectrum of associated clinical characteristics, and etiologic mechanisms. METHODS An investigation of 68 consecutive patients with sudden onset of dysarthria due to a single infarction confirmed by MRI or CT was(More)
Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging we investigated blood oxygen level dependent brain activation in spider phobic and non-phobic subjects while exposed to phobia-related pictures (spiders) and non-phobia-related pictures (snakes and mushrooms). In contrast to previous studies, we show significantly increased amygdala activation in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Compared with MR imaging, dynamic CT perfusion imaging covers only a fraction of the whole brain. An important assumption is that CT perfusion abnormalities correlate with total ischemic volume. The purpose of our study was to measure the degree of correlation between abnormalities seen on CT perfusion scans and the volumes of(More)
The purpose of this study was to identify clinical predictors and anatomical structures involved in patients with pain after dorsolateral medullary infarction. Eight out of 12 patients (67%) developed poststroke pain within 12 days to 24 months after infarction. The pain occurred in the ipsilateral face (6 patients) and/or the contralateral limbs and trunk(More)
Our purpose of this study was to demonstrate the clinical potential and spatial resolution of a new MRI technique: high-resolution blood oxygen-level dependent venography (HRBV), in well-known intracranial vascular lesions, such as cavernous and venous angiomas, and venous sinus thrombosis. HRBV provides unique high-resolution information on veins without(More)
BACKGROUND The intention of this study was the prospective analysis of Wallerian degeneration of the pyramidal tract after paramedian pons infarction. METHODS Patients with paramedian pons infarct underwent MR imaging including diffusion tensor imaging at admission and got 1-3 MR scans up to 6 months of follow-up. Clinical scores and transcranial magnetic(More)
We performed MRI, including diffusion-weighted imaging, in 15 patients with recurrent strokes with acute ischaemia and at least one old lesion according to the clinical history and/or CT. Routine MRI showed similar signal intensity changes in both situations. Diffusion-weighted images, however, were positive in all acute or subacute infarcts. The high(More)
We investigated two patients presenting with the rare finding of almost isolated hemianalgesia with a sensory level on the contralateral side sparing the face. Clinical findings, electrophysiological studies (absent laser-evoked pain-related somatosensory potentials, normal electrically evoked somatosensory potentials, magnetically evoked potentials, and(More)