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Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies of schizophrenia have revealed white matter abnormalities in several areas of the brain. The functional impact on either psychopathology or cognition remains, however, poorly understood. Here we analysed both functional MRI (during a working memory task) and DTI data sets in 18 patients with schizophrenia and 18(More)
Using event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging we investigated blood oxygen level dependent brain activation in spider phobic and non-phobic subjects while exposed to phobia-related pictures (spiders) and non-phobia-related pictures (snakes and mushrooms). In contrast to previous studies, we show significantly increased amygdala activation in(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence for hormone-dependent modification of function and behavior during the menstrual cycle, but little is known about associated short-term structural alterations of the brain. Preliminary studies suggest that a hormone-dependent decline in brain volume occurs in postmenopausal, or women receiving antiestrogens, long(More)
BACKGROUND The intention of this study was the prospective analysis of Wallerian degeneration of the pyramidal tract after paramedian pons infarction. METHODS Patients with paramedian pons infarct underwent MR imaging including diffusion tensor imaging at admission and got 1-3 MR scans up to 6 months of follow-up. Clinical scores and transcranial magnetic(More)
The clinical differentiation between stroke and seizure is usually straightforward but postictal neurological deficits can be mistaken for stroke in case no detailed medical history is available. Up to now, the imaging findings of Todd's paresis are not well described. This case report demonstrates that postictal paresis can be accompanied by a reversible(More)
Several functional brain imaging studies of pain using positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have shown that painful stimulation causes activation of different brain areas. The aim of the present study was to develop and implement painful stimulation of the trigeminal nerve, which can be applied with(More)
INTRODUCTION Although several reports about volumetric determination of the pituitary gland exist, volumetries have been solely performed by indirect measurements or manual tracing on the gland's boundaries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of a novel semi-automatic MR-based segmentation technique. METHODS In an(More)
PURPOSE To study the time course of diffusion imaging at the lesion site in brainstem infarcts. MATERIALS AND METHODS Sequential MR scans were acquired from 24 patients with brainstem infarcts. Diffusion-weighted images (DWI), T(2)-weighted images (T(2)w), maps of apparent diffusion coefficient, and maps of fractional anisotropy were generated from each(More)
Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) is a congenital disorder characterized by a vascular birthmark and neurological abnormalities. Typical imaging findings using MRI or CT are superficial cerebral calcification, atrophy and leptomeningeal enhancement. We present a neonate diagnosed with SWS because of a port-wine stain. In the absence of neurological symptoms the(More)
Three patients with acute large paramedian ponto-mesencephalic infarctions developed a bilateral retrograde degeneration of the medial cerebellar peduncles within 4 months after the insult. In an initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within the first 2 weeks, the medial cerebellar peduncles showed normal intensities, but a control MRI after 4 months(More)