Learn More
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are believed to induce insulin sensitization by modulating gene expression via agonistic stimulation of the nuclear peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma). We have shown earlier that the TZD troglitazone inhibits mitochondrial fuel oxidation in isolated rat skeletal muscle. In the present study, rat soleus(More)
Metformin and thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are believed to exert their antidiabetic effects via different mechanisms. As evidence suggests that both impair cell respiration in vitro, this study compared their effects on mitochondrial functions. The activity of complex I of the respiratory chain, which is known to be affected by metformin, was measured in(More)
The initial effects of free fatty acids (FFAs) on glucose transport/phosphorylation were studied in seven healthy men in the presence of elevated (1.44 +/- 0.16 mmol/l), basal (0.35 +/- 0.06 mmol/l), and low (<0.01 mmol/l; control) plasma FFA concentrations (P < 0.05 between all groups) during euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamps. Concentrations of(More)
The nutrient-sensitive kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and its downstream target S6 kinase (S6K) are involved in amino acid-induced insulin resistance. Whether the mTOR/S6K pathway directly modulates glucose metabolism in humans is unknown. We studied 11 healthy men (29 years old, BMI 23 kg/m(2)) twice in random order after oral administration(More)
1. The thiazolidinedione compound, troglitazone, enhances insulin action and reduces plasma glucose concentrations when administered chronically to type 2 diabetic patients. 2. To analyse to what extent thiazolidinediones interfere with liver function, we examined the acute actions of troglitazone (0.61 and 3.15 microM) on hepatic glucose and lactate(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS GW501516, an agonist of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-delta (PPAR-delta), increases lipid combustion and exerts antidiabetic action in animals, effects which are attributed mainly to direct effects on skeletal muscle. We explored such actions further in isolated rat skeletal muscle. MATERIALS AND METHODS Specimens of rat(More)
This study evaluated direct effects of peroxisome proliferatoractivated receptor gamma(PPARgamma) agonists, including thiazolidinediones (TZDs), on vascular cell apoptosis and related protein expression to test the hypothesis that these effects are dependent on i) the respective agent's structure and ii) endothelial cells' vascular origin. Exposure (48 h)(More)
Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats are a standard animal model for the study of type 2 diabetes and for pharmacological characterization of insulin-sensitizing drugs. To analyze the age-dependent development of their metabolic derangements and the associated changes in their responses to treatment with the insulin sensitizer pioglitazone, groups of 7, 10.5,(More)
To better understand the effects of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha) on insulin sensitivity, direct interaction of the peptide with freshly isolated rat soleus muscle strips was investigated. Muscles were exposed to TNF alpha at concentrations ranging from 0.01-5 nmol/liter. Rates of insulin-stimulated (5 or 100 nmol/liter) glucose metabolism were(More)
Insulin sensitizing thiazolidinediones (TZDs) inhibit steroidogenic enzyme activities in vitro and affect plasma steroids in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. This study was to examine TZD action on circulating steroids in male genetically obese Zucker rats (fa/fa), which were treated with troglitazone or rosiglitazone (0.3% and 0.01% food admixture,(More)