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There are approximately 50 million chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Africa, with a 25% mortality risk. In sub-Saharan Africa, carrier rates range from 9-20%. Many studies have suggested that HBV transmission in Africa occurs predominantly in childhood, by the horizontal rather than the perinatal route. The exact mode of transmission is(More)
Infection with the microsporidian parasite Enterocytozoon bieneusi may be a major cause of prolonged diarrhoea in individuals also infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The parasite has been reported from Europe, Australia and the Americas, with a prevalence of 7-29%. Faecal specimens were obtained from 202 adults and 106 children in Harare,(More)
Although HLA-linked hemochromatosis greatly increases the risk for hepatocellular carcinoma in people of European ancestry, iron overload in Africa is not thought to be etiologically related to this malignancy. To determine if African iron overload may be associated with hepatocellular carcinoma, we reviewed 320 consecutive diagnostic liver biopsies(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma is currently the most common tumor in Zimbabwe. The purpose of our study is to compare the effectiveness of supportive care vs. 3 intervention approaches, namely oral Etoposide, a 3-drug combination, and radiotherapy using quality of life (QOL) as the primary measure of success. In addition, our study was to determine whether a(More)
Iron overload in Africa was previously regarded as purely due to excessive iron in traditional beer, but we recently found evidence that transferrin saturation and unsaturated iron binding capacity may be influenced by an interaction between dietary iron content and a gene distinct from any HLA-linked locus. To determine if serum ferritin follows a genetic(More)
In a study of the pathogenesis and clinical features of megaloblastic anaemia in southern Africa, we evaluated 144 consecutive Zimbabwean patients with megaloblastic haemopoiesis. Vitamin B12 deficiency was diagnosed in 86.1% of patients and was usually due to pernicious anaemia; isolated folate deficiency accounted for only 5.5% of cases. Anaemia was(More)
Between 1967 and 1977, 48 patients with Hodgkin's disease under 16-years-old were treated with MOPP chemotherapy alone at the Uganda Cancer Institute because radiotherapy facilities are not available. Thirty-eight percent had early stage disease (stages I-IIIA). Prolonged first remissions were achieved in 74% of 42 complete responders. Of 11 patients who(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and its sequelae are extremely common in sub-Saharan Africa. The overall hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) carrier rate in the general population is 5-20%, which is amongst the highest in the world. Although perinatal infection occurs with an incidence of 1-5%, the predominant form of transition is horizontal among(More)
To examine the relationship between dietary iron exposure through the consumption of traditional beer and the presence of iron overload in black Africans not related by birth, we studied 28 husband and wife pairs from a rural Zimbabwean community. Lifetime traditional beer consumption was estimated by questioning subjects and iron status was assessed by(More)