Clem F Kiire

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There are approximately 50 million chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in Africa, with a 25% mortality risk. In sub-Saharan Africa, carrier rates range from 9-20%. Many studies have suggested that HBV transmission in Africa occurs predominantly in childhood, by the horizontal rather than the perinatal route. The exact mode of transmission is(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma is currently the most common tumor in Zimbabwe. The purpose of our study is to compare the effectiveness of supportive care vs. 3 intervention approaches, namely oral Etoposide, a 3-drug combination, and radiotherapy using quality of life (QOL) as the primary measure of success. In addition, our study was to determine whether a(More)
To examine the relationship between dietary iron exposure through the consumption of traditional beer and the presence of iron overload in black Africans not related by birth, we studied 28 husband and wife pairs from a rural Zimbabwean community. Lifetime traditional beer consumption was estimated by questioning subjects and iron status was assessed by(More)
Biopsy and serum specimens were obtained from 95 patients undergoing endoscopy at the University of Zimbabwe Medical School. Common presenting features were epigastric pain, bleeding and dyspepsia. Ulcers were detected in 16 patients (17%), and were more common in men (24%) than in women (7%). Histological examination of biopsies showed that all 95 patients(More)
Although HLA-linked hemochromatosis greatly increases the risk for hepatocellular carcinoma in people of European ancestry, iron overload in Africa is not thought to be etiologically related to this malignancy. To determine if African iron overload may be associated with hepatocellular carcinoma, we reviewed 320 consecutive diagnostic liver biopsies(More)
BACKGROUND There has been little systematic study of the clinical spectrum of pancytopenia, and the optimal diagnostic approach to pancytopenia remains undefined. METHODS The authors studied 134 hospitalized pancytopenic patients in Zimbabwe in both consecutive and nonconsecutive fashion. RESULTS The most common cause of pancytopenia was megaloblastic(More)
Fifty patients with non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis who were admitted to hospital because of upper gastrointestinal bleeding were randomly assigned to treatment with either oral propranolol given in doses that reduced the resting pulse rate by 25% (25 patients) or with a placebo (25 patients). One year after the start of the study 20 patients in the(More)
Iron overload in Africa was previously regarded as purely due to excessive iron in traditional beer, but we recently found evidence that transferrin saturation and unsaturated iron binding capacity may be influenced by an interaction between dietary iron content and a gene distinct from any HLA-linked locus. To determine if serum ferritin follows a genetic(More)
In a study of the pathogenesis and clinical features of megaloblastic anaemia in southern Africa, we evaluated 144 consecutive Zimbabwean patients with megaloblastic haemopoiesis. Vitamin B12 deficiency was diagnosed in 86.1% of patients and was usually due to pernicious anaemia; isolated folate deficiency accounted for only 5.5% of cases. Anaemia was(More)