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Hydrocephalus is caused by the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the cerebral ventricular system which results in an enlargement of the cranium due to increased intraventricular pressure. The increase in pressure within the brain typically results in sloughing of ciliated ependymal cells, loss of cortical gray matter, and increased gliosis.(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare ratings of self-esteem and depressive mood in a sample of stroke survivors in an acute inpatient rehabilitation setting to those of a matched control group. DESIGN Stroke survivors (n = 80) were matched on age and education to a group of neurologically intact community-dwelling control participants. Between-group analysis compared(More)
BACKGROUND Executive functioning (EF) deficits are common sequelae of traumatic brain injury (TBI). These deficits extend beyond the acute stages of recovery and pose a significant challenge in rehabilitation efforts. Current theories of EF propose a multidimensional construct. This paper provides an integrative theoretical framework with interactive(More)
OBJECTIVES Explore the relationship of self-esteem level, self-esteem stability, and other moderating variables with depressive symptoms in acute stroke rehabilitation. MEASURES One hundred twenty participants completed measures of state self-esteem, perceived recovery, hospitalization-based hassles, impairment-related distress, and tendency to(More)
OBJECTIVES Explore the relationship of self-esteem level, self-esteem stability, and admission functional status on discharge depressive symptoms in acute stroke rehabilitation. RESEARCH METHOD One hundred twenty stroke survivors serially completed a measure of state self-esteem during inpatient rehabilitation and completed a measure of depressive(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE To determine factors that influence the strength of therapeutic alliance for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) attending post-acute brain injury rehabilitation (PABIR) and to examine the association of therapeutic alliance with outcome after PABIR. RESEARCH DESIGN Prospective cohort study. METHODS AND PROCEDURES The study(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore self-esteem change during inpatient stroke rehabilitation and moderators of change. RESEARCH METHOD One hundred twenty survivors of stroke serially completed the State Self-Esteem Scale (SSES) during inpatient rehabilitation, as well as measures of mood and perceived recovery as potential moderators of change. Age, gender, prior(More)
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