Claus Wilhelm Heizmann

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Parvalbumin (PV)-immunoreactive neurons in rat neostriatum were studied under light and electron microscopes. A small number of neurons in the striatum were immunoreactive for PV (a Ca-binding protein). Most of them were also strongly immunoreactive for glutamate decarboxylase but were negative for NADPH-diaphorase activity. Light microscopic analysis(More)
The Receptor for Advanced Glycation Endproducts (RAGE) is a multi-ligand receptor of the immunoglobulin family. RAGE interacts with structurally different ligands probably through the oligomerization of the receptor on the cell surface. However, the exact mechanism is unknown. Among RAGE ligands are members of the S100 protein family. S100 proteins are(More)
S100 proteins regulate intracellular processes such as cell growth and motility, cell cycle regulation, transcription and differentiation. Twenty members have been identified so far, and altogether, S100 proteins represent the largest subgroup in the EF-hand Ca2+ -binding protein family. A unique feature of these proteins is that individual members are(More)
Calcium ions play a key role in many aspects of neuronal behavior and certain calcium binding proteins that may influence this behavior are differentially distributed in the central nervous system. In this study it is shown that immunoreactivity for calbindin-28 and for parvalbumin is localized in separate populations of inhibitory GABA interneurons in all(More)
Calcium lons as second messengers control many biological processes, at least in part, via interaction with a large number of Ca(2+)-binding proteins. One class of these proteins shares a common Ca(2+)-binding motif, the EF-hand, Here, we describe some functional aspects of EF-hand proteins, which have been found recently in different cellular compartments.(More)
Chemically-defined neuron groups and their subpopulations in the glomerular layer of the rat main olfactory bulb were revealed immunocytochemically using antibodies against gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), methionin-enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8 (ENK), calretinin (CR), calbindin-D28K (calbindin) and thyrotropin-releasing hormone(More)
A long line of studies emphasizes the contribution of serotonergic fibres descending from the rostral ventromedial medulla in the control of spinal nociceptive information processing. A growing body of evidence, however, suggests that the relative contribution of serotonin to the mediation of spinal neuronal activity from the rostral ventromedial medulla(More)
The S100 protein family is the largest subgroup within the superfamily of proteins carrying the Ca2+-binding EF-hand motif. Despite their small molecular size and their conserved functional domain of two distinct EF-hands, S100 proteins developed a plethora of tissue-specific intra- and extracellular functions. Accordingly, various diseases such as(More)
Antibodies to the intracellular calcium binding protein parvalbumin were shown to label specifically a distinct group of neostriatal GABAergic neurons. These neurons corresponded to the intensely staining subclass of neostriatal GABAergic neurons that have previously been shown to be a class of aspiny interneurons in the neostriatum. The parvalbumin neurons(More)
S100 proteins are EF-hand calcium-binding proteins with various intracellular functions including cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and apoptosis. Some S100 proteins are also secreted and exert extracellular paracrine and autocrine functions. Experimental results suggest that the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) plays(More)