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The distribution of Ca2+-binding protein, parvalbumin (PV), containing neurons and their colocalization with glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) were studied in the rat hippocampus and dentate gyrus using immunohistochemistry. PV immunoreactive (PV-I) perikarya were concentrated in the granule cell layer and hilus in the dentate gyrus and in the stratum(More)
Parvalbumin (PV)-immunoreactive neurons in rat neostriatum were studied under light and electron microscopes. A small number of neurons in the striatum were immunoreactive for PV (a Ca-binding protein). Most of them were also strongly immunoreactive for glutamate decarboxylase but were negative for NADPH-diaphorase activity. Light microscopic analysis(More)
The S100 protein family is the largest subgroup within the superfamily of proteins carrying the Ca2+-binding EF-hand motif. Despite their small molecular size and their conserved functional domain of two distinct EF-hands, S100 proteins developed a plethora of tissue-specific intra- and extracellular functions. Accordingly, various diseases such as(More)
Calcium ions play a key role in many aspects of neuronal behavior and certain calcium binding proteins that may influence this behavior are differentially distributed in the central nervous system. In this study it is shown that immunoreactivity for calbindin-28 and for parvalbumin is localized in separate populations of inhibitory GABA interneurons in all(More)
The structural features of PV-immunoreactive (PV-I) neurons, a particular subpopulation of GABAergic neurons, in the hippocampus were studied by immunocytochemistry. The PV-I cell bodies were concentrated within the stratum pyramidale (SP) and stratum oriens (SO) in the hippocampus. PV-I puncta were frequent in SP, while they were rarely seen in other(More)
Calcium lons as second messengers control many biological processes, at least in part, via interaction with a large number of Ca(2+)-binding proteins. One class of these proteins shares a common Ca(2+)-binding motif, the EF-hand, Here, we describe some functional aspects of EF-hand proteins, which have been found recently in different cellular compartments.(More)
S100 proteins regulate intracellular processes such as cell growth and motility, cell cycle regulation, transcription and differentiation. Twenty members have been identified so far, and altogether, S100 proteins represent the largest subgroup in the EF-hand Ca2+ -binding protein family. A unique feature of these proteins is that individual members are(More)
Time-lapse studies indicate that ventricular zone (VZ)-derived cells show two migratory modes in the cerebral cortex at different stages of mammalian embryogenesis: somal translocation and locomotion. We carried out a systematic analysis to examine whether the migratory behavior of cortical neurons derived from the cortical VZ is stage-dependent. We labeled(More)
In the cat primary visual cortex, we investigated with immunohistochemical techniques the developmental changes in the cellular and subcellular localization of the Ca2+-binding proteins parvalbumin (PV) and calbindin-D 28K (CBP), in order to determine whether there is a correlation between the expression of Ca2+-dependent processes and the time course of(More)
GABAergic neurons in laminae I-III of the spinal dorsal horn may contain one or more of the following compounds: glycine, acetylcholine, neuropeptide Y, enkephalin, nitric oxide synthase or parvalbumin. Although the pattern of co-localization of some of these compounds is understood, it is not known which types of GABAergic neurons contain parvalbumin, or(More)