Claus Schnabel

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A large number of potential determinants of union membership, which often can be interpreted in terms of costs and benefits, have been incorporated into economists’ traditional supply and demand framework or into new models of an individual’s decision to unionise (such as social custom theory). A review of the international empirical evidence shows that(More)
21 studies using data from 22 highly developed, developing, and less developed countries document that average wages in exporting firms are higher than in non-exporting firms from the same industry and region. The existence of these so-called exporter wage premia is one of the stylized facts found in the emerging literature on the microeconometrics of(More)
Since 1920 the thrust of German law on workplace codetermination has changed on a number of occasions. In the latest swing of the legislative pendulum, the formation of works councils has been facilitated and their authority strengthened. The present paper outlines the terms of the new Works Constitution Reform Act and evaluates the case for it. First, we(More)
The Course of Research into the Economic Consequences of German Works Councils In a survey published in the British Journal of Industrial Relations, Frege (2002) evaluates research on the German works council from the perspective of several disciplines, including economics. Ultimately, she concludes that economic analysis of the works council has reached a(More)
The Persistent Decline in Unionization in Western and Eastern Germany, 1980-2004: What Can We Learn from a Decomposition Analysis? An empirical analysis of various waves of the ALLBUS social survey shows that union density fell substantially in western Germany from 1980 to 2004 and in eastern Germany from 1992 to 2004. Such a negative trend can be observed(More)
Gender Differences in Labor Supply to Monopsonistic Firms: An Empirical Analysis Using Linked Employer-Employee Data from Germany This paper investigates women's and men's labor supply to the firm within a structural approach based on a dynamic model of new monopsony. Using methods of survival analysis and a linked employer-employee dataset for Germany, we(More)
The Institutional Context of an “Empirical Law”: The Wage Curve under Different Regimes of Collective Bargaining The wage curve identified by Blanchflower and Oswald (1994) postulates that the wage level is a decreasing function of the regional unemployment rate. In testing this hypothesis, most empirical studies have not taken into account that differences(More)
Works Councils and Separations: Voice, Monopoly, and Insurance Effects Using a large linked employer-employee data set for Germany, we find that the existence of a works council is associated with a lower separation rate to employment, in particular for men and workers with low tenure. While works council monopoly effects show up in all specifications,(More)