8Maja Stanojevic
8Jan Albert
7Claudia Balotta
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The mechanisms of acute copper and silver toxicity in freshwater organisms appear similar. Both result in inhibition of branchial sodium (and chloride) uptake initiating a cascade of effects leading to mortality. The inhibition of the branchial Na/K-ATPase in the basolateral membrane is generally accepted as the key component responsible for the reduced(More)
BACKGROUND Microarray data are subject to multiple sources of variation, of which biological sources are of interest whereas most others are only confounding. Recent work has identified systematic sources of variation that are intensity-dependent and non-linear in nature. Systematic sources of variation are not limited to the differing properties of the(More)
BACKGROUND The question of how many marine species exist is important because it provides a metric for how much we do and do not know about life in the oceans. We have compiled the first register of the marine species of the world and used this baseline to estimate how many more species, partitioned among all major eukaryotic groups, may be discovered. (More)
Today the design of custom in-the-ear hearing aids is based on personal experience and skills and not on a systematic description of the variation of the shape of the ear canal. In this paper it is described how a dense surface point distribution model of the human ear canal is built based on a training set of laser scanned ear impressions and a sparse set(More)
Membrane proteins are regulated by the lipid bilayer composition. Specific lipid-protein interactions rarely are involved, which suggests that the regulation is due to changes in some general bilayer property (or properties). The hydrophobic coupling between a membrane-spanning protein and the surrounding bilayer means that protein conformational changes(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence and the origin of HIV-1 subtype B, the most prevalent circulating clade among the long-term residents in Europe, have been studied extensively. However the spatial diffusion of the epidemic from the perspective of the virus has not previously been traced. RESULTS In the current study we inferred the migration history of HIV-1(More)
The embryology of sipunculans, entoprocts, nemertines, platyhelminths (excluding acoelomorphs), rotifers, ectoprocts, phoronids, brachiopods, echinoderms and enteropneusts is reviewed with special emphasis on cell-lineage and differentiation of ectodermal structures. A group Spiralia comprising the four first-mentioned phyla plus annelids and molluscs seems(More)
The trochophora concept and the literature on cleavage patterns and differentiation of ectodermal structures in annelids ("polychaetes") and molluscs are reviewed. The early development shows some variation within both phyla, and the cephalopods have a highly modified development. Nevertheless, there are conspicuous similarities between the early(More)
Two G-quadruplex forming sequences, 5'-TGGGAG and the 17-mer sequence T30177, which exhibit anti-HIV-1 activity on cell lines, were modified using either locked nucleic acids (LNA) or via insertions of (R)-1-O-(pyren-1-ylmethyl)glycerol (intercalating nucleic acid, INA) or (R)-1-O-[4-(1-pyrenylethynyl)phenylmethyl]glycerol (twisted intercalating nucleic(More)
International travel plays a role in the spread of HIV-1 across Europe. It is, however, not known whether international travel is more important for spread of the epidemic as compared to endogenous infections within single countries. In this study, phylogenetic associations among HIV of newly diagnosed patients were determined across Europe. Data came from(More)