Claus Graff

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The long QT syndrome (LQTS) is a genetic disorder, typically characterized by a prolonged QT interval in the ECG due to abnormal cardiac repolarization. LQTS may lead to syncopal episodes and sudden cardiac death. Various parameters based on T-wave morphology, as well as the QT interval itself have been shown to be useful discriminators, but no single ECG(More)
Certain antipsychotics increase the risk of heart rate-corrected QT (QTc) prolongation and consequently Torsades de Pointes (TdP) and sudden cardiac death (SCD). Drug-induced Brugada syndrome (BrS) is also associated with SCD. Most SCDs occur in patients with additional cardiac risk factors. Aripiprazole’s cardiac safety has not been assessed in patients at(More)
Various parameters based on QTc and T-wave morphology have been shown to be useful discriminators for drug induced I(Kr)-blocking. Using different classification methods this study compares the potential of these two features for identifying abnormal repolarization on the ECG. A group of healthy volunteers and LQT2 carriers were used to train classification(More)
Sertindole's propensity to prolong the QT interval relates to blockade of the KCNH2 (HERG) encoded Ikr potassium channel, but there has been limited detailed data on T-wave morphology changes. Digital 12-lead ECG was recorded at baseline and at steady-state in 37 patients switched to sertindole. ECG was analyzed for quantitative T-wave morphology changes(More)
AIMS Using a large, contemporary primary care population we aimed to provide absolute long-term risks of cardiovascular death (CVD) based on the QTc interval and to test whether the QTc interval is of value in risk prediction of CVD on an individual level. METHODS AND RESULTS Digital electrocardiograms from 173 529 primary care patients aged 50-90 years(More)
Introduction: The first heart sound (S1) carries information about ventricular function which may be clinically useful in optimization of cardiac resyn-chronization therapy (CRT). We developed a method of measuring the effects of CRT on S1 energy. Methods: For 10 patients with activation induced heart failure (age 64±8.4 years), the heart sound was recorded(More)
Drug-induced triangulation of the cardiac action potential is associated with increased risk of arrhythmic events. It has been suggested that triangulation causes a flattening of the electrocardiographic T-wave but the relationship between triangulation, T-wave flattening and onset of arrhythmia has not been studied in detail. In this paper, we have(More)
The QT interval is the most widely used surrogate marker for predicting TdP; however, several alternative surrogate markers, such as Tpeak-Tend (TpTe) and a quantitative T-wave morphology combination score (MCS) have emerged. This study investigated the cardiac effects of sertindole and quetiapine using the QTc interval and newer surrogate markers. Data(More)
OBJECTIVES Sertindole is a nonsedating atypical antipsychotic drug with low propensity to cause extrapyramidal side effects but it has been associated with a 20 ms QTc prolongation and increased risk of cardiac events. It is uncertain whether this drug-induced increase in cardiac risk might also be revealed by dynamic measures of the QT interval such as the(More)
OBJECTIVE Schizophrenia is associated with a reduction of the lifespan by 20 years, with type II diabetes and cardiovascular disease contributing the most to the increased mortality. Unrecognised or silent myocardial infarction (MI) occurs in ~30% of the population, but the rates of unrecognised MI in patients with schizophrenia have only been sparsely(More)