Learn More
Altered host defense mechanisms after major surgery or trauma are considered important for the development of infectious complications and sepsis. In the present study, we demonstrate that major surgery results in a severe defect of T-lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine secretion in response to coligation of the antigen receptor complex and CD28. During(More)
BACKGROUND Recent clinical trials failed to demonstrate beneficial effects of anti-inflammatory sepsis therapy. The present study therefore asked the following questions: Is there evidence for immunosuppression during postoperative sepsis? When, during the septic course, may immunosuppression develop? Can defective cellular functions be restored by in vitro(More)
IL-12 is a potent immunoregulatory cytokine that is essential for the development of protective immunity, as demonstrated by numerous animal models of infection. Here, we provide evidence for a critical role of IL-12 in human sepsis. The results of a prospective study of 184 patients undergoing major elective surgery of the upper and lower gastrointestinal(More)
Multidrug transporter proteins are crucial determinants in the pharmacokinetics of many drugs. To evaluate their impact on intestinal drug absorption, we developed and validated quantification methods for 10 uptake transporters (OATP1A2, OATP2B1, PEPT1, ASBT, OCT1, OCT3) and efflux transporters (ABCB1, ABCC2, ABCC3, ABCG2) that have been reported to be(More)
BACKGROUND The current training programme for final year medical students does not meet the requirements of surgery and is obviously not able to encourage young physicians to become surgeons. After finishing the surgical trimester, the motivation to become a doctor decreases considerably more strongly than after any other specialty during the final year(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal sepsis due to intestinal leakage of endogenous gut bacteria is a life-threatening condition. In healthy individuals, T lymphocytes have essential functions in balancing the immune response to the commensal gut flora. AIM To determine how T lymphocytes shape the process of diffuse faecal peritonitis. METHODS In colon ascendens stent(More)
Methylenedimethoxymethamphetamine (MDMA), more commonly known as ecstasy, is a synthetic amphetamine derivative used by teenagers and young adults in the United States as well as in Western Europe as a "dance drug". Though a number of complications associated with this drug have been reported, there is little information pertaining to hepatoxity as a result(More)
Sequestration of neutrophils and release of histotoxic mediators are considered important for the development of pathologic alterations of the lung defined as adult respiratory distress syndrome. Mechanisms of inflammatory lung injury caused by abdominal sepsis were investigated using the colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP) model that closely mimics(More)
Despite considerable progress, peritonitis and sepsis remain life-threatening conditions. To improve the understanding of the pathophysiology encountered in sepsis, a new standardized and highly reproducible murine model of abdominal sepsis termed colon ascendens stent peritonitis (CASP) was developed. In CASP, a stent is inserted into the ascending colon,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare morbidity and mortality rates of stented versus nonstented pancreaticojejunostomy after partial pancreatoduodenectomy. BACKGROUND DATA Despite a marked reduction in the mortality rate after partial pancreatoduodenectomy in recent years, leakage of the pancreaticojejunostomy still occurs in 5% to 25% of patients and remains the major(More)