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Efficient engulfment of the intact cell corpse is a critical end point of apoptosis, required to prevent secondary necrosis and inflammation. The presentation of "eat-me" signals on the dying cell is an important part of this process of recognition and engulfment by professional phagocytes. Here, we present evidence that apoptotic cells secrete chemotactic(More)
Diverse death stimuli including anticancer drugs trigger apoptosis by inducing the translocation of cytochrome c from the outer mitochondrial compartment into the cytosol. Once released, cytochrome c cooperates with apoptotic protease-activating factor-1 and deoxyadenosine triphosphate in caspase-9 activation and initiation of the apoptotic protease(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (alpha)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a promising anticancer agent that preferentially kills tumor cells with limited cytotoxicity to nonmalignant cells. However, signaling from death receptors requires amplification via the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway (type II) in the majority of tumor cells. Thus, TRAIL-induced(More)
Former meta-analyses have shown a survival benefit for the addition of chemotherapy (CHX) to radiotherapy (RT) and to some extent also for the use of hyperfractionated radiation therapy (HFRT) and accelerated radiation therapy (AFRT) in locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck. However, the publication of new studies and the fact(More)
Treatment options for recurrent high-grade glioma after a complete course of radiotherapy comprise surgery, reirradiation and chemotherapy but the efficacy of any of the given salvage treatments is limited. In order to further define the role of short-term radiotherapy as retreatment option for selected patients, we analyzed outcomes after treatment with a(More)
PURPOSE Irradiation of adjuvant lymph nodes in high-risk prostate cancer was shown to be associated with improved rates of biochemical nonevidence of disease in the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group trial (RTOG 94-13). To account for the highly individual lymphatic drainage pattern we tested an intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) approach based on(More)
The proto-oncogene Bcl-2 is expressed in membranes of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum and mediates resistance against a broad range of apoptotic stimuli. Although several mechanisms of Bcl-2 action have been proposed, its role in different cellular organelles remains elusive. Here, we analyzed the function of Bcl-2 targeted specifically to certain(More)
BACKGROUND In order to define new prognostic subgroups in patients with glioblastoma a miRNA screen (> 1000 miRNAs) from paraffin tissues followed by a bio-mathematical analysis was performed. METHODS 35 glioblastoma patients treated between 7/2005 - 8/2008 at a single institution with surgery and postoperative radio(chemo)therapy were included in this(More)
Activation of the CD95 death receptor as well as ionizing radiation induces apoptotic cell death in human lymphoma cells. The activation of caspases is a hallmark of apoptosis induction irrespective of the apoptotic trigger. In contrast to death receptor signaling, the exact mechanisms of radiation-induced caspase activation are not well understood. We(More)
Clonogenic assays are a useful tool to test whether a given cancer therapy can reduce the clonogenic survival of tumour cells. A colony is defined as a cluster of at least 50 cells which can often only be determined microscopically. The process of counting colonies is very extensive work and so we developed software that is able to count the colonies(More)