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Alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC) is a rare, severe neurodevelopmental syndrome characterized by recurrent hemiplegic episodes and distinct neurological manifestations. AHC is usually a sporadic disorder and has unknown etiology. We used exome sequencing of seven patients with AHC and their unaffected parents to identify de novo nonsynonymous(More)
BACKGROUND Benign familial neonatal convulsion (BFNC) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in two genes, KCNQ2 and KCNQ3, encoding for potassium channel subunits underlying the M-current. This current limits neuronal hyperexcitability by causing spike-frequency adaptation. METHODS The authors describe a BFNC family with four affected(More)
In this study, we used deletions at 22q13, which represent a substantial source of human pathology (Phelan/McDermid syndrome), as a model for investigating the molecular mechanisms of terminal deletions that are currently poorly understood. We characterized at the molecular level the genomic rearrangement in 44 unrelated patients with 22q13 monosomy(More)
A lternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC, MIM 104290) is a rare syndrome, characterised by early onset of episodic hemior quadriplegia lasting minutes to days. This disorder, first reported by Verret and Steel in 1971, has historically been thought to represent a migraine equivalent or an unusual form of epilepsy or a movement disorder, as it typically(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the calcium channel voltage dependent P/Q-type alpha-1A subunit (CACNA1A) can cause different neurological disorders which share a wide range of symptoms, including episodic ataxia type 2 (EA2), familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM1) and progressive spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA6). OBJECTIVE To describe a three generations family in(More)
The aim of this work is to describe, using functional imaging techniques, the spatial and temporal distribution of neural activations ensuing from execution of cognitive functions and to find correlation in data coming from analysis modalities related to different physical properties. A 10-mm continuous performance test (CPT) was administered to a group of(More)
Two familial X-linked dominant syndromes of cortical maldevelopment have recently been described: double cortex/lissencephaly syndrome and bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia. We report on 12 kindreds with familial perisylvian polymicrogyria (FPP) presenting at 10 centers, examine the clinical presentation in these familial cases, and propose a(More)
A 17-year-old boy with polymorphic simple and complex partial seizures is described. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a unilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia near the occipital ventricular right horn. Interictal and ictal electroencephalographic recordings showed bilateral specific epileptiform anomalies in the occipital region and asynchronous(More)
A family is described in which bilateral perisylvian polymicrogyria was present in 6 members of 3 consecutive generations. Typical anatomic and clinical findings of the syndrome, with a mild phenotype, were present in the 5 affected women from all 3 generations. More severe impairment was observed in the only affected male individual, a boy, in the third(More)
1. The single dose pharmacokinetics of orally administered nimodipine (60 mg) were investigated in normal subjects and in two groups of epileptic patients receiving chronic treatment with hepatic microsomal enzyme-inducing anticonvulsants (carbamazepine, phenobarbitone or phenytoin) and sodium valproate, respectively. 2. Compared with the values found in(More)