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OBJECTIVE To develop a disease activity index for patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS): the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Sjögren's syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI). METHODS Thirty-nine SS experts participated in an international collaboration, promoted by EULAR, to develop the ESSDAI. Experts identified 12 organ-specific(More)
Objective-To assess the recently proposed preliminary criteria for the classification of Sjogren's syndrome (SS) in a multicentre European study of a new series of clinically defined cases. Methods-The criteria included six items: I = ocular symptoms; II = oral symptoms; II = evidence of keratoconjunctivitis sicca; IV = focal sialoadenitis by minor salivary(More)
A clinical picture of dry eye and dry mouth with the histological counterpart of focal lymphocytic sialoadenitis, usually detected in minor salivary glands, is considered the hallmark of Sjögren's syndrome. The association of sicca complaints and focal sialoadenitis can be also found in a number of other diseases, including some systemic viral infections.(More)
The EULAR Sjögren's syndrome (SS) disease activity index (ESSDAI) is a systemic disease activity index that was designed to measure disease activity in patients with primary SS. With the growing use of the ESSDAI, some domains appear to be more challenging to rate than others. The ESSDAI is now in use as a gold standard to measure disease activity in(More)
The development of articular manifestations in the course of chronic urticaria or in urticarial vasculitis has been widely reported. It is not completely clear, however, whether common pathogenetic mechanisms are involved in all patients with these clinical features. Four consecutive patients with simultaneous urticarial and articular manifestations, but(More)
INTRODUCTION Nailfold videocapillaroscopy (NVC) in systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a procedure commonly used for patient classification and subsetting, but not to define disease activity (DA). This study aimed to evaluate whether the number of micro-haemorrhages (MHE), micro-thrombosis (MT), giant capillaries (GC), and normal/dilated capillaries (Cs) in NVC(More)
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