Claudio Vitagliano

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During the period of senescence of apricot leaves changes in photosynthetic pigment contents and in the activities of some antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase and ascorbate peroxidase) were analysed. Significant changes in pigment contents were, in most cases, correlated with changes in activities of the antioxidant enzymes.(More)
On calcareous soils, carbonate induced iron deficiency can have heavy effects on growth and development of several fruit crops. Leaf chlorosis, biochemical, and ultrastructural alterations are the first symptoms causing severe damages to yield and productivity. In this work, some physiological, biochemical, and molecular aspects of iron deficiency stress(More)
Five-year-old plants of two olive cultivars (Frantoio and Moraiolo) grown in large pots were exposed for 7 to 8 months to ambient (AC) or elevated (EC) CO2 concentration in a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) facility. Exposure to EC enhanced net photosynthetic rate (P N) and decreased stomatal conductance, leading to greater instantaneous transpiration(More)
Tamarix gallica L. was micropropagated from four-to six-node explants taken from mature trees. Shoot proliferation was induced on Linsmaier and Skoog medium containing 30 g l-1 sucrose, 7 g l-1 agar, 200 mg l-1 reduced glutathione (basal medium) and supplemented with 3.3 μM benzyladenine. Adding 0.5 or 1.0 μM indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) to the basal medium(More)
Apple, peach and plum rootstocks were inoculated with the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus sp. strain A6 on transplanting from in vitro to in vivo culture. The optimal root length for effective infection, assessed in apple rootstock M 25, was 0.1–1.5 cm, corresponding to the beginning of root elongation. When inoculated at this stage, plants showed(More)
The aim of this research was to isolate protoplasts from in vitro-grown quince BA 29 leaves. Effects of various concentrations of cellulase and pectinase and different incubation periods were evaluated. The most effective treatment included (per ml) 50 units cellulase and 10 units pectinase, in the incubation medium and incubation for 21 h at 50 rpm in the(More)
The effect of the photoperiod on some stomatal characteristics in various leaf lamina zones and in leaves of different age was studied on in vitro grown shoots of Prunus cerasifera clone Mr.S. 2/5, t Malus pumila Mill clone M9, and peach x almond hybrid clone GF 677. Stomatal density was highest in leaves exposed to continuous light and lowest with(More)
Free abscisic acid (ABA) in integuments, nucellus, endosperm, and embryo was determined throughout seed development of peach (Prunus persica L. cv Springcrest). Quantification of ABA was performed using combined high performance liquid chromatography-radioimmunoassay based on a monoclonal antibody raised against free (S)-ABA. In the integuments and(More)
The aim of this research was to study flower bud differentiation processes in two oil olive cultivars from Tuscan germplasm (Leccino and Puntino). The effect of fruit-set was studied using 'ON' (with fruits) and 'OFF' (without fruits) shoots. Axillary buds were periodically collected at different phenological stages, from endocarp sclerification (July)(More)
• We hypothesized that poplar can be useful for the extraction of zinc (Zn) from contaminated soils and water. However, the physiological response and the base of tolerance of poplar plants to this heavy metal are little known. • Plants of Populus deltoides × P . nigra ( P. × euramericana ) I-214 clone were grown in glasshouse and treated with three(More)