Claudio Trombini

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Pialassa Baiona, a coastal wetland near the city of Ravenna, has been impacted for two decades (1958-1978) by industrial discharges containing mercury and floating agglomerates of residues of polymerization processes. Although the industrial use of mercury completely ceased in the early 90's, surface sediments are still highly contaminated, mercury(More)
The role of volcanic ash as scavenger of atmospheric pollutants, in their transport and final deposition to the ground is examined. Attention is focused on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and on particulate mercury (Hgp). The ash-fall deposits studied belong to the 2001 and 2002 eruptive activity of Mount Etna, Southern Italy, and were investigated(More)
We report a method that allows a complete quantitative characterization of whole single cells, assessing the total amount of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, sodium, and magnesium and providing submicrometer maps of element molar concentration, cell density, mass, and volume. This approach allows quantifying elements down to 10(6) atoms/μm(3). This result was(More)
A set of 8 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has been analysed in a traffic-limited area in Bologna downtown, both in the gas-phase and in the particulate phase (PM10), and gas-to-particle partitioning has been investigated. From Sep 2002 to May 2003, 28 high volume PM10 samplings were carried out, and in 50 % of the samplings, PM10 concentrations(More)
A simple device consisting of a Petri dish containing cellulose paper soaked with paraffin oil (hereinafter defined "artificial leaf", AL) was deployed in a typical urban site and partitioning of a set of PAHs between the atmosphere and AL was investigated. Gas-phase PAHs rapidly equilibrate with AL, thus rendering it a promising cost-effective tool for(More)
A short synthesis of 1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-L-arabinitol (LAB1) (4) and of 1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-D-galactitol (5), two azasugars active as enzymatic inhibitors, is reported. The key reaction is the addition of vinylmagnesium chloride to (3S,4S)-3,4-bis(benzyloxy)-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrrole 1-oxide (3), a nitrone easily available from L-tartaric acid.(More)
The present study investigated the analytical capabilities of a new fluorescent chemosensor, named DCHQ5, a phenyl derivative belonging to the family of diaza-crown-hydroxyquinolines, for the quantitative assessment of total intracellular Mg content. The results obtained were compared to the analytical performances of DCHQ1 - the parent probe of the series(More)
A new Michael-Michael cascade reaction between 2-(2-oxoindolin-3-ylidene)acetic esters 1 and nitroenoates 2, catalyzed by bifunctional thioureas, is investigated. The combination of the two Michael reactions results in a novel and facile [4+2] or [3+2] spiroannulation process, which is characterized by the following features: 1) two carbon-carbon bonds and(More)
A new and flexible methodology catalyzed by bifunctional chiral thioureas has been developed to react β-nitro oxindoles 1 with aldehydes. This approach allowed us to achieve the first enantioselective organocatalytic synthesis of 3-spiro-α-alkylidene-γ-butyrolactone oxindoles 3. We examined the scope of the two starting materials and, varying the structure(More)
An efficient and highly enantioselective Michael addition of nitroalkanes to 3-ylidene oxindoles is described, mediated by thiourea-based bifunctional organocatalysts. The stereochemistry at C(α) and C(β) centers is perfectly controlled, and the intermediate C-3 enolate is trapped with a second Michael acceptor. The developed one-pot three-component(More)