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111 White post-menopausal women with hip fracture and 329 healthy controls were studied in order to determine whether proximal femur geometry predicts hip fracture and improves the discriminant ability of femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly women. All subjects underwent dual X-ray photon absorptiometry (DXA) of the hip from which the femoral(More)
Some proximal femur geometry (PFG) parameters, measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), have been reported to discriminate subjects with hip fracture. Relatively few studies have tested their ability to discriminate femoral neck fractures from those of the trochanter. To this end we performed a cross-sectional study in a population of 547(More)
The bone density of two groups of patients with osteosarcoma treated with high and low doses of MTX is compared with that of a group of healthy subjects of the same age. Bone density was measured in the radius at the mid point and at the trabecular distal point. In the patients treated with low doses there were differences in bone density as compared with(More)
Caucasian postmenopausal women with vertebral fracture (38), hip fracture (38) and without fracture (124) were measured by spine and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) (Norland XR 36), and two quantitative ultrasound (US) or QUS parameters (Igea DBM sonic 1200): the amplitude-dependent speed of sound (Ad-Sos) and the US bone profile score (UBPS), at(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the specificity of the neck shaft angle (NSA) to predict hip fracture in males. METHODS We consecutively studied 228 males without fracture and 38 with hip fracture. A further 49 males with spine fracture were studied to evaluate the specificity of NSA for hip-fracture prediction. Femoral neck (FN) bone mineral density (FN-BMD),(More)
Low bone mineral density (BMD) and, probably, the rate of bone loss (RBL) are associated with the risk of osteoporotic fractures. To estimate the risk of nonspinal fracture in osteoporotic women, we measured BMD and RBL in a prospective study (average follow-up, 5.38 years) in 656 postmenopausal women. The women were considered in three groups: group A(More)
The ability of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) to estimate the risk of osteoporotic fractures was evaluated in a prospective study over a mean time of 5.47 years in 254 postmenopausal women (mean age 58.06+/-7.67 years). Baseline measurements of ultrasound transmission velocity (UTV) and bone mineral density (BMD) were taken at the distal radius (DR). UTV was(More)
The present paper intends to check the possibility of improving convenience of the osteoporosis model from ovariectomy in the rat by anticipating the operation to the 40th week rather than the 52nd week of age, thought by some authors to be the optimum model. To this end two parameters have been examined: 1. the bone mass variation determined with the(More)
The capacity of dual x-ray absorptiometry and quantitative ultrasound to discriminate bone loss and to predict the mechanical and microarchitectural properties of cancellous bone in an animal model of osteopenia was evaluated. Thirty-five female Sprague-Dawley rats (10 months old) were randomized into three groups: baseline group, 10 rats killed at the(More)
Twenty-three patients with highly malignant localized osteosarcoma receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy with MTX randomly administered at high (7500 mg/m2) and low (750 mg/m2) doses underwent serial densitometric controls at the start of treatment and after 18 and 36 months. Increasing BMC levels at both examination points were observed in all subjects(More)