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The discovery of cardiac natriuretic hormones required a profound revision of the concept of heart function. The heart should no longer be considered only as a pump but rather as a multifunctional and interactive organ that is part of a complex network and active component of the integrated systems of the body. In this review, we first consider the(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess whether talking or reading (silently or aloud) could affect heart rate variability (HRV) and to what extent these changes require a simultaneous recording of respiratory activity to be correctly interpreted. BACKGROUND Sympathetic predominance in the power spectrum obtained from short- and long-term HRV recordings predicts a poor(More)
1. We have tested the hypothesis that the non-respiratory, low-frequency (around 0.1 Hz) fluctuations of heart rate variability are generated by the baroreflexes, but with a delay caused by the slower response of the efferent sympathetic arm, (compared with the vagus), in 11 healthy subjects (mean age +/- SD 27 +/- 5 years). 2. In random order, at the onset(More)
Elevation of serum gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) activity is a risk factor for myocardial infarction and stroke. GGT activity can catalyze the oxidation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL), a process involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Serum GGT is partially adsorbed onto circulating LDL, and catalytically active GGT has been found within(More)
BACKGROUND It is widely recognised that during exercise vagal heart rate control is markedly impaired but blood pressure control may or may not be retained. We hypothesised that this uncertainty arose from the differing responses of the vagus (fast) and sympathetic (slow) arms of the autonomic effectors, and to differing sympatho-vagal balance at different(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of different breathing patterns on autonomic cardiovascular modulation during acute exposure to altitude-induced hypoxia. DESIGN We measured relative changes in minute ventilation (VE), oxygen saturation (%SaO2), spectral analysis of RR interval and blood pressure, and response to stimulation of carotid baroreceptors(More)
Thirty years ago, De Bold et al. (20) reported that atrial extracts contain some biologically active peptides, which promote a rapid and massive diuresis and natriuresis when injected in rats. It is now clear that the heart also exerts an endocrine function and in this way plays a key role in the regulation of cardiovascular and renal systems. The aim of(More)
1. To assess the effects of acute exposure to high altitude on baroreceptor function in man we evaluated the effects of baroreceptor activation on R-R interval and blood pressure control at high altitude. We measured the low-frequency (LF) and high-frequency (HF) components in R-R, non-invasive blood pressure and skin blood flow, and the effect of(More)
OBJECTIVE Lengthened ventricular repolarization, as assessed by the QT interval on electrocardiogram (ECG), can predispose to an increased risk of cardiac dysrhythmias; no data are available on QT corrected for heart rate (QTc) in hyperthyroidism in vivo. DESIGN QT and RR intervals from 24 h ambulatory ECG Holter recording were measured in patients with(More)
The relationship between work rate (WR) and its tolerable duration (t(LIM)) has not been investigated at high altitude (HA). At HA (5050 m) and at sea level (SL), six subjects therefore performed symptom-limited cycle-ergometry: an incremental test (IET) and three constant-WR tests (% of IET WR(max), HA and SL respectively: WR(1) 70±8%, 74±7%; WR(2) 86±14%,(More)