Claudio Orizio

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  • C Orizio
  • Critical reviews in biomedical engineering
  • 1993
Muscular sound is a mechanical phenomenon detectable at the surface of an active muscle, which has been known and described since 1800. Only recently, because of the availability of reliable transducers and sophisticated analysis techniques, has this signal become attractive for monitoring the mechanical aspects of muscle contraction. The muscular sound(More)
The contracting muscle generates a low frequency sound detectable at the belly surface, ranging from 11 to 40 Hz. To study the relationship between the muscular sound and the intensity of the contraction a sound myogram (SMG) was recorded by a contact sensor from the biceps brachii of seven young healthy males performing 4-s isometric contractions from 10%(More)
The surface mechanomyogram (MMG) (detectable at the muscle surface as MMG by accelerometers, piezoelectric contact sensors or other transducers) is the summation of the activity of single motor units (MUs). Each MU contribution is related to the pressure waves generated by the active muscle fibres. The first part of this article will review briefly the(More)
The frequency content of muscular sound (MS), detected by placing a contact sensor transducer over the belly of the biceps brachii during 10 isometric contractions of 4 s each [10-100% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC)] in seven sedentary men, was analyzed by the maximum entropy spectral estimation and the fast Fourier transform methods. With(More)
The power spectral analysis of R-R interval variability (RRV) has been estimated by means of an autoregressive method in seven sedentary males at rest, during steady-state cycle exercise at 21 percent maximal oxygen uptake. (% V O 2max), SEM 2%, 49% VO 2max, SEM 2% and 70% VO 2max, SEM 2% and during recovery. The RRV, i.e. the absolute power of the(More)
The changes in the soundmyogram (SMG) and electromyogram (EMG) frequency content during exhausting contractions at 20070, 40%, 60070 and 80% of the maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) were investigated by the spectral analysis of the SMG and EMG detected from the biceps brachii muscles of 13 healthy men The root mean squares (rms) of the two signals were(More)
The separate contributions of the recruitment level and of the firing rate of the motor units on the soundmyogram and electromyogram time domain parameters were investigated during stimulation of the motor nerve of the cat gastrocnemius muscle. Upon orderly increase in the number of active motor units at a fixed firing rate, both the peak to peak amplitude(More)
The time course of heart rate (HR) and venous blood norepinephrine concentration [NE], as an expression of the sympathetic nervous activity (SNA), was studied in six sedentary young men during recovery from three periods of cycle ergometer exercise at 21%±2.8%, 43%±2.1% and 65%±2.3% of $$\dot V_{o_{2max} } $$ respectively (mean±SE). The HR decreased(More)
The sound (SMG) generated by the biceps muscle during isometric exercise at 20, 40, 60, and 80% of maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) up to exhaustion has been recorded by a contact transducer and integrated (iSMG), together with the surface electromyogram (EMG) in eight young untrained men. At the onset of exercise, iSMG and integrated surface EMG (iEMG)(More)
In surface electromyogram (EMG) and mechanomyogram (MMG) the electrical and mechanical activities of recruited motor units (MU) are summated. Muscle fatigue influences the electrical and mechanical properties of the active MU. The aim of this study was to evaluate fatigue-induced changes in the electrical and mechanical properties of MU after a short(More)