Learn More
Thiazolidinedione rosiglitazone and 15-deoxy-Delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), are two peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma ligands. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of rosiglitazone and 15d-PGJ2 on the lung injury caused by bleomycin administration. Mice subjected to intratracheal administration of bleomycin(More)
Normal human lung fibroblasts downregulate the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha by activated monocytes through the production of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), contributing to the local control of the inflammatory process. In this study, we provide evidence that fibroblasts derived from diseased tissue, such as fibrotic lung fibroblasts,(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is commonly considered a potent proinflammatory mediator and is involved in several inflammatory diseases. In the lung, as opposed to many other parts of the body, PGE2 has a role in limiting the immune-inflammatory response as well as tissue repair processes. Understanding the full implications of the regulatory role of PGE2 and how(More)
BACKGROUND Bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and airway inflammation are frequently associated with allergic rhinitis, and may be important risk factors for the development of asthma. Specific immunotherapy (SIT) reduces symptom in subjects with allergic rhinitis, but the mechanisms are not clear. AIMS OF THE STUDY To assess the effect of Parietaria-SIT(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the contribution of the interaction between CD40 and its ligand (CD40L) to antigen-induced airways inflammatory responses. To this end, we used a model involving ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization followed by OVA aerosol challenge in CD40L knockout (KO) mice. OVA-specific IgE and IgG1 were detected in the serum of(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is implicated in the fibrotic responses characterizing interstitial lung diseases, as well as in the airway remodeling process occurring in asthma. Within such a context, the aim of our study was to investigate, in primary cultures of normal human lung fibroblasts (NHLFs), the ET-1 receptor subtypes, and the intracellular signal(More)
Mononuclear phagocytes are important regulators of normal immune, inflammatory, and fibrotic responses. These functions are mediated through the production of several cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), which regulate the activity of inflammatory and tissue structural cells such as fibroblasts. It is increasingly evident that(More)
Mediator release from activated mast cells is also likely to take place in the asthmatic airways in vivo during adenosine-induced bronchoconstriction. To test this hypothesis, we evaluated mast cell mediator release directly into the airways of 9 asthmatic subjects after endobronchial challenge with adenosine by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). The mediators(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, several studies have shown that heparin possesses various anti-inflammatory and antiallergic properties. It has been proposed that heparin might play an important role in limiting the inflammatory events associated with asthma and allergic rhinitis by neutralizing inflammatory mediators, such as eosinophil cationic protein and major(More)
RATIONALE Gap junctions are membrane channels formed by an array of connexins which links adjacent cells realizing an electro- metabolic synapse. Connexin-mediated communication is crucial in the regulation of cell growth, differentiation, and development. The activation and proliferation of phenotypically altered fibroblasts are central events in the(More)