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The aim of this study was to investigate in humans the effects of acupuncture upon upper-limb motor-evoked potentials (MEPs), elicited by transcranial magnetic stimulation of the primary motor cortex. It is known that peripheral sensory stimulation can be used to induce short- and long-term changes in motor cortex excitability. Data show that the simple(More)
OBJECTIVE The prostanoids iloprost and alprostadil are widely used to treat ischaemic changes in patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), but the optimal regimen is poorly defined. We evaluated whether there are differences between iloprost and alprostadil, in terms of either clinical efficacy or of laboratory data, with the aim of assisting in the(More)
INTRODUCTION The nephrotic syndrome is associated with heightened risk for arterial and venous thrombosis. Multiple derangements of hemostasis and acquired risk factors such as hyperlipidemia and hypertension contribute to this risk. The prevalence in the nephrotic syndrome of high circulating levels of homocysteine and of low levels of the B vitamins that(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) have raised homocysteine (Hcy) plasma levels, thought to be an independent risk factor for vascular disease, and to study the relationship between Hcy and endothelial damage, and between Hcy and methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genotypes, and patients' vitamin nutritional(More)
Physiological aging affects early sensory-perceptual processes. The aim of this experiment was to evaluate changes in auditory sensory memory in physiological aging using the Mismatch Negativity (MMN) paradigm as index. The MMN is a marker recorded through the electroencephalogram and is used to evaluate the integrity of the memory system. We adopted a new,(More)
To analyze the characteristics of the event-related desynchronization (ERD) and synchronization (ERS) of cortical rhythms during the preparation and execution of a lateralized eye movement, EEG was recorded in normal subjects during a visually guided task. Alpha and beta bands were investigated in three temporal intervals: a sensory period, a delay period(More)
When we make an aiming movement toward a moving visual object, eye-hand coupling is of paramount importance for accurate motor performance. Some studies have suggested that both gaze and manual tracking control systems are driven by a common command signal. However, it has never been demonstrated that a motor plan for the arm is produced even when the(More)
We examined timing and scanning paths of eye movements during a visual search task, in which subjects had to detect, as quickly as possible, the presence or absence of a target among distractors [Q-like element among O stimuli (QvsO) and vice-versa (OvsQ)]. According to an influential theory [Treisman, A. & Gelade, G. (1980) Cognitive Psychol, 12, 97--136;(More)
The ability to associate a name to a face is a crucially relevant task in daily life. In this study, we investigated the neuronal basis of face-name retrieval in young subjects using repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the left or right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). The experimental task was composed of two study phases: an(More)
The memory-guided saccade paradigm is an ideal experimental model for studying spatial working memory. Both the posterior parietal cortex and frontal cortex are known to play a role in working memory; however, there is much debate about the degree of their involvement in the retention of information. We used event-related potentials and electromagnetic(More)