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We present data on the intellectual, language and executive functions of 26 children who had undergone surgery for the removal of cerebellar hemisphere or vermal tumours. The children with right cerebellar tumours presented with disturbances of auditory sequential memory and language processing, whereas those with left cerebellar tumours showed deficits on(More)
A computer assisted toolholder, integrated with an anatomical graphic 3-D rendering programme, is presented. Stereotactic neuroanatomical images are acquired, and the same reference system is employed to represent the position of the toolholder on the monitor. The surgeon can check the orientation of different approach trajectories, moving the toolholder in(More)
Late outcome in 12 children treated by radical surgery for craniopharyngioma is presented. None of the patients presented underwent fractionated traditional or stereotactic radiotherapy. The results show no neurological (except visual dysfunction in 6 subjects), cognitive or short-term memory deficits. Three children were found to have a minor attention(More)
Long-term results (average follow-up, 9.3 years) obtained in 1000 consecutive patients suffering from cryptogenetic ("essential") trigeminal neuralgia treated with percutaneous thermorhizotomy are analyzed. Pain relief was obtained in 95% of the treated patients. Permanent morbidity was as follows: masseter weakness in 105 patients; oculomotor palsies in 5(More)
Between 1978 and 1984, 227 patients affected from glial tumors underwent serial stereotactic biopsy. Correct prognostic indications have been obtained in 85% of the entire series. In 10.5%, the stereotactic procedure provided only the diagnosis of the nature of the tumor, while the histological grading and prognosis remained unknown. The operative mortality(More)
We describe the implementation of a robotic arm connected to a neurosurgical operative microscope. A force feedback sensor drives the motors of the arm in response to the positioning of the microscope by the surgeon. Computer graphic techniques allow tracking of the current position of the microscope within the volumetric reconstruction of the brain. The(More)
8 long-surviving children, treated for medulloblastoma with combination radiotherapy and chemotherapy after surgery were examined in order to assess general intelligence, immediate attention and prolonged attention. Their siblings or first cousins were selected as controls. The children with medulloblastoma performed significantly worse than their peers,(More)
Fourty-five patients affected by brain stem expanding lesions underwent serial stereotactic biopsy between 1978 and 1986. The definitive histological diagnosis allowed the definitive treatment of extrinsic tumours and non-neoplastic lesions. In patients affected from glial tumours the serial stereotactic biopsy allowed the histological grading and the(More)
A group of 33 patients (between 10 and 30 years old and with average intelligence) underwent stereotactic surgery for abnormal movements due to cerebral palsy. Neurological, neurofunctional, and neuropsychological examinations were performed pre- and postoperatively. The length of follow-up ranged between 1 and 4 years. The clinical results are reported and(More)