Claudio G Brunstein

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Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is associated with high risk of morbidity and mortality and is a common complication after double umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation. To reduce these risks, we established a method of CD4(+)CD25(+)FoxP3(+) T regulatory cell (Treg) enrichment from cryopreserved UCB followed by a 18 (+) 1-day expansion culture(More)
We evaluated the efficacy of umbilical cord blood (UCB) in the setting of a nonmyeloablative regimen consisting of fludarabine (200 mg/m2), cyclophosphamide (50 mg/kg), and a single fraction of total body irradiation (200 cGy) with cyclosporine and mycophenolate mofetil for posttransplantation immunoprophylaxis. The target cell dose for the UCB graft was(More)
The Blood and Marrow Transplant Clinical Trials Network conducted 2 parallel multicenter phase 2 trials for individuals with leukemia or lymphoma and no suitable related donor. Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) was used with either unrelated double umbilical cord blood (dUCB) or HLA-haploidentical related donor bone marrow (Haplo-marrow) transplantation.(More)
We examined the clinical impact of killer-immunoglobulin receptor-ligand (KIR-L) mismatch in 257 recipients of single (n = 91) or double (n = 166) unit umbilical cord blood (UCB) grafts after myeloablative (n = 155) or reduced intensity (n = 102) conditioning regimens. Analyses of double unit grafts considered the KIR-L match status of the dominant(More)
Umbilical cord blood (UCB) is increasingly used as an alternative source of hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation for patients who lack a suitable sibling donor. Despite concerns about a possible increased risk of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) after UCB transplantation, early reports documented rates(More)
The success of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is typically assessed as individual complications, including graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), relapse, or death, yet no one factor can completely characterize cure without ongoing morbidity. We examined a novel composite end point of GVHD-free/relapse-free survival (GRFS) in which events(More)
We studied the relative impact of donor source on outcomes following myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for adult patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL). In this single center study, 138 patients aged 18-61 (median 31) years underwent myeloablative conditioning followed by allogeneic HSCT. Stem cell source was an HLA(More)
Umbilical cord blood (UCB) transplantation is potentially curative for acute leukemia. This analysis was performed to identify risk factors associated with leukemia relapse following myeloablative UCB transplantation. Acute leukemia patients (n = 177; 88 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and 89 with acute myeloid leukemia) were treated at a single center.(More)
Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) occurs less frequently after umbilical cord blood transplantation (UCBT). More recent investigations include the use of 2 partially human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched UCB units, or double UCB graft, to meet the minimum cell-dose requirement. The purpose of this analysis was to assess the relative risk of acute GVHD(More)
Unrelated umbilical cord blood (UCB) is an alternative donor source for allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation and, compared with unrelated donor bone marrow, has the advantages of rapid availability, greater tolerance of HLA disparity and lower incidence of severe graft-versus-host disease. Graft cell dose is an important determinant of(More)