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Dasatinib is a potent BCR-ABL inhibitor effective in chronic myeloid leukemia and Ph(+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) resistant/intolerant to imatinib. In the GIMEMA LAL1205 protocol, patients with newly diagnosed Ph(+) ALL older than 18 years (with no upper age limit) received dasatinib induction therapy for 84 days combined with steroids for the(More)
BACKGROUND Until recently, few molecular aberrations were recognized in acute lymphoblastic leukemia of T-cell origin; novel lesions have recently been identified and a certain degree of overlap between acute myeloid leukemia and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia has been suggested. To identify novel T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia entities, gene(More)
Disease relapse is the commonest cause of treatment failure after allogeneic haematopoietic stem-cell transplantation. Adoptive immunotherapy based on donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) has a prominent role in the management of disease recurrence. Although the highest remission rates are achieved in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), encouraging results have(More)
OBJECTIVE Immune dysregulation plays a role in the pathophysiology of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), as T-cell clones seem to be involved in the inhibition of hematopoietic precursors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire of MDS patients, focusing on the third complementarity determining region (CDR3) pattern of(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the T-cell receptor (TCR) gene segments might play a role in shaping the TCR repertoire. Three polymorphisms have been described for the TCRBV20S1 gene segment, one of which is responsible for a nucleotide substitution at position 524, resulting in the introduction of a stop codon. Individuals homozygous for this(More)
Between 1996 and 2000, 90 newly diagnosed adult patients with T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) were registered in the Gruppo Italiano Malattie Ematologiche dell'Adulto (GIMEMA) Leucemia Acuta Limfoide (LAL) 0496 protocol. Cases were centrally processed for morphology, immunophenotype, cytogenetics, molecular biology, and multidrug resistance (MDR).(More)
The association between non-Hodgkin lymphomas and autoimmune disorders is a well-known event. Also autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AHA), although much more frequent in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), has been described in this group of patients. In recent years, among the more traditional therapeutic options, rituximab, an anti-CD20(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signalling pathway has emerged as an important therapeutic target for acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). This study assessed the combination of temsirolimus, an mTOR inhibitor, and lower-dose clofarabine as salvage therapy in older patients with AML. Induction consisted of clofarabine 20mg/m(2) on days 1-5 and(More)
Regulatory T cells (T(reg)) have often been ascribed a role in the pathophysiology of several neoplastic diseases considering their potential ability to suppress anti-tumor immunity. This is particularly the case in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), which are clonal hematologic disorders characterized by marked immune dysregulation. We analyzed T(reg)(More)
Donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) are an effective treatment for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in relapse after allografting but the optimal cell dose has yet to be identified. To address this question, we investigated the factors affecting the dose required to achieve remission (effective cell dose, (ECD)) in 81 patients treated with an(More)