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OBJECTIVES We prospectively investigated the prevalence of curable forms of primary aldosteronism (PA) in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients. BACKGROUND The prevalence of curable forms of PA is currently unknown, although retrospective data suggest that it is not as low as commonly perceived. METHODS Consecutive hypertensive patients referred to 14(More)
Consumption of flavanol-rich dark chocolate (DC) has been shown to decrease blood pressure (BP) and insulin resistance in healthy subjects, suggesting similar benefits in patients with essential hypertension (EH). Therefore, we tested the effect of DC on 24-hour ambulatory BP, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), and oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs) in(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potent vasoactive and mitogenic peptide produced by the vascular endothelium. In this study, we evaluated whether insulin stimulates ET-1 secretion by human endothelial cells derived from umbilical cord veins and by human permanent endothelial hybrid cells Ea.hy 926. Moreover, to provide evidence that insulin may stimulate ET-1(More)
Flavanols from chocolate appear to increase nitric oxide bioavailability, protect vascular endothelium, and decrease cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. We sought to test the effect of flavanol-rich dark chocolate (FRDC) on endothelial function, insulin sensitivity, beta-cell function, and blood pressure (BP) in hypertensive patients with impaired(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies indicate that flavanols may exert significant vascular protection because of their antioxidant properties and increased nitric oxide bioavailability. In turn, nitric oxide bioavailability deeply influences insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and vascular tone. Thus, flavanols may also exert positive metabolic and pressor effects.(More)
Plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) levels were studied in 15 obese hypertensive (mean age 48.5 +/- 3.9 years) and 15 obese normotensive men (mean age 49.5 +/- 3.6 years) before and after weight loss due to an 800 kcal/day diet lasting 12 weeks. Circulating peptide concentrations were also assessed in nonobese hypertensive (n = 11) and normotensive men (n = 12).(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether or not insulin stimulates endothelin (ET)-1 secretion in vivo. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Plasma ET-1 levels were evaluated in 16 lean normotensive men with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) (mean age 50.3 +/- 4.1 years) during either a 2-h euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp (40 mU insulin.m-2.min-1) or placebo(More)
OBJECTIVES We attempted to establish whether naloxone, an opioid receptor antagonist, abolishes the adaptation to ischemia observed in humans during coronary angioplasty after repeated balloon inflations. BACKGROUND Experimental studies indicate that myocardial opioid receptors are involved in ischemic preconditioning. METHODS Twenty patients undergoing(More)
PURPOSE Endothelial cell activation (ECA) is an initiating event in atherosclerosis. Biochemical measures of ECA were evaluated in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) associated or not associated with cardiovascular risk factors (VRFs) to assess whether ED is a sentinel of atherosclerosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Circulating soluble P-selectin,(More)
Primary aldosteronism (PA) has been associated with cardiovascular hypertrophy and fibrosis, in part independent of the blood pressure level, but deleterious effects on the kidneys are less clear. Likewise, it remains unknown if the kidney can be diversely involved in PA caused by aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) and idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA).(More)