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In an open-label study, we substituted conventional levodopa plus benserazide: 100/25 (Madopar) with a controlled-release form (HBS) in 18 fluctuating parkinsonian patients for 24 months. Significantly positive results were obtained in both peak-dose and diphasic dyskinesias up to 12 months of treatment; morning akinesias were also improved up to 6 months.(More)
We tested the efficacy of coenzyme Q10 (ubidecarenone, CoQ10) therapy in patients with Kearns-Sayre syndrome and other mitochondrial myopathies with chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia (CPEO). We treated seven patients for 1 year with daily oral administration of 120 mg of CoQ10. Throughout the treatment most of our patients showed a progressive(More)
Visceral adipose tissue-derived serpin (vaspin) improves glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity in diet-induced obese mice. Chemerin may increase insulin sensitivity in adipose tissue and seems to be associated with several key aspects of metabolic syndrome. Decreased levels of omentin-1 are associated with increasing obesity and insulin resistance. Our(More)
Glucagon-like peptide 1 (7-36) amide (GLP-1) and exendin-4 are gastrointestinal hormones as well as neuropeptides involved in glucose homeostasis and feeding regulation, both peripherally and at the central nervous system (CNS), acting through the same GLP-1 receptor. Aminergic neurotransmitters play a role in the modulation of feeding in the hypothalamus(More)
L-DOPA, the immediate biological precursor of dopamine, is still considered the drug of choice in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. However, therapy with L-DOPA is associated with a number of acute problems. With the aim to increase the bioavailability after oral administration, we designed a multi-protected L-DOPA prodrugs able to release the drug by(More)
Adiponectin (Adipocyte Complement-Related Protein of 30 kDa, ACRP30) and resistin are adipocyte-derived polypeptide hormones playing a role in metabolic homeostasis. Their plasma levels are inversely (adiponectin) or directly (resistin) correlated to obesity and they have opposite effects on insulin sensitivity. Adipose tissue hormones such as leptin have(More)
It is possible to grow functional primary dissociated cultures and explants from stereotactic biopsies of human parkinsonian caudate nuclei. Two major classes of cells were identified on morphological grounds. The culture cells appear to be stimulated by an unidentified soluble factor(s) obtained from human fetal neuronal cells in vitro. Culture of primary(More)
Oxidative stress plays a key role in the pathogenesis of age-related neurodegeneration, and the nonenzymatic production of 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha) (8-iso-PGF(2alpha)) may represent a reliable index of cellular oxidative damage. Garlic (Allium sativum) has been associated with peripheral antioxidant activities and therefore might prevent or reverse(More)
The objective of this study is to investigate relationship between migraine and cerebral infarction in young people. Patients aging 16-44 years, referred for stroke and age- and gender-matched controls were investigated for migraine following the International Headache Society criteria. Included people were 314 strokes and 314 controls. Each group consisted(More)