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Increasing evidence suggests that phosphorylation may play an important role in the oligomerization, fibrillogenesis, Lewy body (LB) formation, and neurotoxicity of alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) in Parkinson disease. Herein we demonstrate that alpha-syn is phosphorylated at S87 in vivo and within LBs. The levels of S87-P are increased in brains of transgenic(More)
The aggregation of alpha-synuclein (AS) is characteristic of Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative synucleinopathies. We demonstrate here that Cu(II) ions are effective in accelerating AS aggregation at physiologically relevant concentrations without altering the resultant fibrillar structures. By using numerous spectroscopic techniques(More)
alpha-Synuclein (alpha-syn) phosphorylation at serine 129 is characteristic of Parkinson disease (PD) and related alpha-synulceinopathies. However, whether phosphorylation promotes or inhibits alpha-syn aggregation and neurotoxicity in vivo remains unknown. This understanding is critical for elucidating the role of alpha-syn in the pathogenesis of PD and(More)
The aggregation of alpha-synuclein (AS) is characteristic of Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative synucleinopathies. Interactions with metal ions affect dramatically the kinetics of fibrillation of AS in vitro and are proposed to play a potential role in vivo. We recently showed that Cu(II) binds at the N-terminus of AS with high affinity (K(d)(More)
The aggregation of alpha-synuclein is characteristic of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative synucleinopathies. The 140-aa protein is natively unstructured; thus, ligands binding to the monomeric form are of therapeutic interest. Biogenic polyamines promote the aggregation of alpha-synuclein and may constitute endogenous agents modulating(More)
The aggregation of alpha-synuclein (AS) is a critical step in the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD) and other neurodegenerative synucleinopathies. Protein-metal interactions play a critical role in AS aggregation and might represent the link between the pathological processes of protein aggregation and oxidative damage. Our previous studies established a(More)
We study abstract equations of the form λu′′′ t u′′ t c2Au t c2μAu′ t f t , 0 < λ < μ which is motivated by the study of vibrations of flexible structures possessing internal material damping. We introduce the notion of α; β; γ -regularized families, which is a particular case of a; k regularized families, and characterize maximal regularity in L-spaces(More)
In idiopathic Parkinson's disease, intracytoplasmic neuronal inclusions (Lewy bodies) containing aggregates of the protein alpha-synuclein (alphaS) are deposited in the pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. The mechanisms underlying the structural transition of innocuous, presumably natively unfolded, alphaS to neurotoxic forms are largely unknown. Using(More)
From the Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology and Neuroproteomics, Brain Mind Institute, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland, Department of Biochemistry and Program in Structural Biology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York 10021, Department of NMR-based Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute for(More)