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In the present study we assessed the effect of physical training on Laser Doppler skin flux (LDF) and nitric oxide (NO) release, before and after 3 min of brachial artery occlusion. To this end we performed laser Doppler measurements and the venous plasma assay of nitrite/nitrate (NOx) on 10 sedentary healthy subjects and 10 endurance athletes. The(More)
After passage through biological barriers, nanomaterials inevitably end up in contact with the vascular endothelium and can induce cardiovascular damage. In this study the toxicity and sub-lethal effects of six types of nanoparticle, including four of industrial and biomedical importance, on human endothelial cells were investigated using different in vitro(More)
The quantitative determination of specific cellular messenger-RNA is extremely important both in basic and applied research, especially in diagnostic and pharmacological fields. In order to perform a direct and easy quantification of transcripts on cell extracts, the feasibility of an analytical device able to selectively detect a defined target RNA in a(More)
Blends between chitosan (CS) and gelatin (G) with various compositions (CS/G 0/100 20/80, 40/60, 60/40, 100/0 w/w) were produced as candidate materials for biomedical applications. Dehydro-thermal crosslinking was adopted to promote the formation of amide and ester bonds between the macromolecules ((CS/G)-t). The effect of composition and crosslinking on(More)
Piezoelectric nerve guidance channels made of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) were evaluated in a transected mouse sciatic nerve model. Poled PVDF channels were compared to unpoled PVDF channels after 4 and 12 weeks of implantation. In all animals, the proximal and distal nerve stumps were bridged by a continuous nerve cable. Nerves regenerated in poled(More)
Physiological processes involve a complex network of signaling molecules that act through paracrinal or endocrinal pathways; however, traditional in vitro models cannot mimic these interactions because of the lack of a dynamic cross-talk between cells belonging to different tissues. The multicompartmental modular bioreactor is a novel cell culture system(More)
In this work we describe the fabrication of a biocompatible hydrophilic scaffold composed of cross-linked gelatin that mimics the porous three-dimensional structure of pulmonary tissue as well as its water content and mechanical properties. The lung replica also reproduces the characteristic sonographic signs of pulmonary interstitial syndrome, the B-lines(More)
UNLABELLED Nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase (COX) derived prostaglandins (PGs) are involved in vascular homeostasis. Contradictory results have been obtained in previous studies on the putative 'cross-talk' between these two pathways. Our aim was to evaluate the interaction between NO and PG release in human microvascular endothelial cells (HMEC-1) and(More)
Scaffolds are cell adhesive matrices for the realisation of tissue constructs. Here we describe how scaffolds for tissue engineering can also be used as sensors for monitoring cellular activity such as adhesion and spreading. Carbon nanotube polymer composites were fabricated into membranes and scaffolds with electro-conductive properties. Impedance(More)
Permeability studies across epithelial barriers are of primary importance in drug delivery as well as in toxicology. However, traditional in vitro models do not adequately mimic the dynamic environment of physiological barriers. Here, we describe a novel two-chamber modular bioreactor for dynamic in vitro studies of epithelial cells. The fluid dynamic(More)