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Evidence of lateral asymmetries in the direction of turning during escape behaviour in a species of poeciliid fish, Girardinus falcatus, is reported. When repeatedly faced with a simulated predator (in five successive sessions, spaced 7 days apart), immature Girardinus falcatus exhibited a significant population bias to turn right on the first session and a(More)
We investigated turning responses in 16 species of fish faced with a vertical-bar barrier through which a learned dummy predator was visible. Ten of these species showed a consistent lateral bias to turn preferentially to the right or to the left. Species belonging to the same family showed similar directions of lateral biases. We performed an independent(More)
Several recent papers have been critical at a theoretical and empirical level of the evidence of population-level right-handedness in chimpanzees and other great apes. For example, Palmer (2002) has recently argued that the evidence of population-level handedness in chimpanzees is weak because there are sampling biases in the data. McGrew and Marchant(More)
Three experiments on grip morphology and hand use were conducted in a sample of chimpanzees. In Experiment 1, grip morphology when grasping food items was recorded, and it was found that subjects who adopted a precision grip were more right-handed than chimpanzees using other grips. In Experiment 2, the effect of food type on grasping was assessed. Smaller(More)
Evidence for right-left asymmetries in eye use at the individual level in the Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens, is reported. When faced with their mirror image (in two daily trials of 10 min each), adult male Betta splendens showed consistency in their right or left eye use during threat lateral displays. Moreover, if one side was preferred by an(More)
In humans and great apes, both the planum temporale (PT-part of Wernicke's area) and the sylvian fissure (SF) in the left cerebral hemisphere have been consistently shown to be larger than the corresponding structures in the right hemisphere. The greater length of the SF in the left hemisphere is commonly thought to be a direct consequence of the larger(More)
We report the first measurements of anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation with the Arcminute Cosmology Bolometer Array Receiver (Acbar). The instrument was installed on the 2.1 m Viper telescope at the South Pole in January 2001; the data presented here are the product of observations up to and including July 2002. The two deep(More)
The neurobiology of hand preferences in nonhuman primates is poorly understood. In this study, the authors report the first evidence of an association between hand preference and precentral gyrus-morphology in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Hand preferences did not significantly correlate with other asymmetric brain regions associated with language(More)
Pawedness was investigated in three species of toads, Bufo bufo , Bufo viridis , and Bufo marinus. Samples from natural populations were collected in two successive years and tested during attempts to remove a strip of paper stuck onto the snout ( Bufo bufo and Bufo viridis ) or during attempts to remove an elastic balloon wrapped around the head ( Bufo(More)