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Muscular dystrophies are diseases characterized by muscle weakness together with cycles of degeneration and regeneration of muscle fibres, resulting in a progressive decrease of muscle mass, diminished muscle force generation and an increase in fibrosis. Fibrotic disorders are the endpoint of many chronic diseases in different tissues, where accumulation of(More)
Decorin is a small leucine-rich proteoglycan that modulates the activity of transforming growth factor type beta and other growth factors and thereby influences the processes of proliferation and differentiation in a wide array of physiological and pathological reactions. Hence, understanding the regulatory mechanisms of decorin activity has broad(More)
Decorin is a small proteoglycan, composed of 12 leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) that modulates the activity of transforming growth factor type β (TGF-β) and other growth factors, and thereby influences proliferation and differentiation in a wide array of physiological and pathological processes, such as fibrosis, in several tissues and organs. Previously we(More)
Fibrotic disorders are typified by excessive connective tissue and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition that precludes normal healing processes of different tissues. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) seems to be involved in the fibrotic response. Several muscular dystrophies are characterized by a progressive weakness and wasting of the musculature,(More)
In Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and the mdx mouse model, the absence of the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin causes defective anchoring of myofibres to the basal lamina. The resultant myofibre degeneration and necrosis lead to a progressive loss of muscle mass, increased fibrosis and ultimately fatal weakness. Connective tissue growth factor(More)
Fibrotic disorders are typified by excessive connective tissue and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition that precludes normal healing processes in different tissues. Angiotensin-II (Ang-II) is involved in the fibrotic response. Several muscular dystrophies are characterized by extensive fibrosis. However, the exact role of Ang-II in skeletal muscle(More)
The onset and progression of skeletal muscle regeneration are controlled by a complex set of interactions between muscle precursor cells and their environment. Satellite cells constitute the main source of muscle precursor cells for growth and repair. After skeletal muscle injury, cell-derived signals induce their re-entry into the cell cycle and their(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is crucial in endotoxaemia-derived sepsis syndrome pathogenesis. It is well accepted that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induces endothelial dysfunction through immune system activation. However, LPS can also directly generate actions in endothelial cells (ECs) in the absence of participation by immune cells. Although interactions between(More)
Skeletal muscle, the main protein reservoir in the body, is a tissue that exhibits high plasticity when exposed to changes. Muscle proteins can be mobilized into free amino acids when skeletal muscle wasting occurs, a process called skeletal muscle atrophy. This wasting is an important systemic or local manifestation under disuse conditions (e.g., bed rest(More)
Fibrotic disorders are typically characterised by excessive connective tissue and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition that preclude the normal healing of different tissues. Several skeletal muscle dystrophies are characterised by extensive fibrosis. Among the factors involved in skeletal muscle fibrosis is angiotensin II (Ang-II), a key protein of the(More)