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Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is becoming the intravenous anesthetic of choice for ambulatory surgery in outpatients. It is extensively metabolized, with most of the administered dose appearing in the urine as glucuronide conjugates. Favorable operating conditions and rapid recovery are claimed as the main advantages in using propofol, whereas(More)
Mitochondrial respiratory failure secondary to complex I inhibition may contribute to the neurodegenerative process underlying nigral cell death in Parkinson's disease (PD). Isoquinoline derivatives structurally related to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) or 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) may be inhibitors of complex I, and have been(More)
The cause of neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) remains unknown. However, isoquinoline derivatives structurally related to the selective dopaminergic toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and its active metabolite, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinim (MPP+), have emerged as candidate endogenous neurotoxins causing nigral cell death in(More)
A set of 17 coumarin and 2 chromone derivatives with known inhibitory activity toward monoamine oxidase (MAO) A and B were tested as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. All compounds inhibited AChE with values in the micromolar range (3-100 microM). A kinetic study showed that most compounds acted as noncompetitive AChE inhibitors. This finding may be(More)
Defects in complex I and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (alpha-KGDH) occur in the substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease (PD). Isoquinoline derivatives structurally related to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) or 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) are implicated in the cause of PD as endogenous toxins and are inhibitors of complex I.(More)
The 1-octanol/water partition coefficients of a number of toxic and nontoxic analogues of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) were determined using centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC), a novel and effective technique for measuring lipophilicity, and found to be highly correlated with values calculated by a fragmental method. Some(More)
A series of isoquinolines, N-methyl-1,2-dihydroisoquinolines, N-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines, and N-methylisoquinolinium ions were tested as inhibitors of monoamine oxidases A and B. All compounds were found to act as reversible and time-independent MAO inhibitors, often with a distinct selectivity towards MAO-A.(More)
A large series of coumarin derivatives (71 compounds) were tested for their monoamine oxidase A and B (MAO-A and MAO-B) inhibitory activity. Most of the compounds acted preferentially on MAO-B with IC(50) values in the micromolar to low-nanomolar range; high inhibitory activities toward MAO-A were also measured for sulfonic acid esters. The most active(More)
Management of plant parasitic nematodes with nematode predators, parasites or antagonists is an eco-friendly approach that may avoid the problems arisen by the use of toxic chemicals. Fungi belonging to Trichoderma spp. are well known in literature for their role in control of plant parasitic nematodes. Root-knot nematodes (RKNs), Meloidogyne spp., are(More)