Claudio Altomare

Learn More
Twenty-nineFusarium isolates, representing three new taxa originated by Nirenberg fromF. sambucinum Fuckel sensu lato, namely:F. sambucinum Fuckel sensu stricto,F. venenotum Nirenb., andF. torulosum (Berk. & Curt.) Nirenb., were tested for in vitro production of toxic secondary metabolites on autoclaved corn kernels.F. sambucinum sensu stricto was able to(More)
Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is becoming the intravenous anesthetic of choice for ambulatory surgery in outpatients. It is extensively metabolized, with most of the administered dose appearing in the urine as glucuronide conjugates. Favorable operating conditions and rapid recovery are claimed as the main advantages in using propofol, whereas(More)
The cause of neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) remains unknown. However, isoquinoline derivatives structurally related to the selective dopaminergic toxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) and its active metabolite, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinim (MPP+), have emerged as candidate endogenous neurotoxins causing nigral cell death in(More)
Mitochondrial respiratory failure secondary to complex I inhibition may contribute to the neurodegenerative process underlying nigral cell death in Parkinson's disease (PD). Isoquinoline derivatives structurally related to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) or 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) may be inhibitors of complex I, and have been(More)
A number of propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) congeners and derivatives were synthesized and their in vitro capability to affect GABAA receptors determined by the inhibition of the specific [35S]-tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate ([35S]TBPS) binding to rat whole brain membranes. Introduction of halogen (Cl, Br, and I) and benzoyl substituents in the para(More)
Defects in complex I and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (alpha-KGDH) occur in the substantia nigra in Parkinson's disease (PD). Isoquinoline derivatives structurally related to 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) or 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) are implicated in the cause of PD as endogenous toxins and are inhibitors of complex I.(More)
A set of 17 coumarin and 2 chromone derivatives with known inhibitory activity toward monoamine oxidase (MAO) A and B were tested as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors. All compounds inhibited AChE with values in the micromolar range (3-100 microM). A kinetic study showed that most compounds acted as noncompetitive AChE inhibitors. This finding may be(More)
The 1-octanol/water partition coefficients of a number of toxic and nontoxic analogues of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) were determined using centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC), a novel and effective technique for measuring lipophilicity, and found to be highly correlated with values calculated by a fragmental method. Some(More)
We report the effects of some bisorbicillinoids isolated from biomass of the fungus Trichoderma citrinoviride on settling and feeding preference of the aphid Schizaphis graminum. Purification of the fungal metabolites was carried out by a combination of column chromatography and thin-layer chromatography using direct and reverse phases. Chemical(More)