Claudine Rauch

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The patterns of expression of glutathione S-transferases A1 and A2 in human liver (hGSTA1 and hGSTA2, respectively) are highly variable, notably in the ratio of hGSTA1/hGSTA2. We investigated if this variation had a genetic basis by sequencing the proximal promoters (-721 to -1 nucleotides) of hGSTA1 and hGSTA2, using 55 samples of human liver that(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are widely distributed immunotoxic environmental contaminants well known to regulate expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukine-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha. In the present study, we demonstrated that the chemokine CCL1, notably involved in cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory or(More)
Oltipraz, a synthetic derivative of the cruciferous vegetable product 1,2-dithiole-3-thione, is considered as one of the most potent chemoprotectants. It modulates both cytochrome P-450 (CYP) and glutathione S-transferase expression and activities in rat tissues. Its effects, however, are variable according to the enzyme, tissue, and species. We show here(More)
Kappa class glutathione S-transferase (GST) cDNA sequences have been identified in rat, mouse, and human. In the present study, we determined the structure and chromosomal location of the human GST Kappa 1 (hGSTK1) gene, characterized the protein, and demonstrated its subcellular localization. The human gene spans approximately 5 kb, has 8 exons, and maps(More)
By searching the human genome sequence database with human hGSTA1 and hGSTA4 cDNA sequences, we identified three PAC and one BAC clones covering more than 400 kilobases and containing the entire GST alpha gene cluster. The cluster consists of five genes: hGSTA1, hGSTA2, hGSTA3, hGSTA4 and hGSTA5, and seven pseudogenes that are distinguished as such by(More)
Acquisition of drug resistance by cancer cells is attributed to various factors including alterations in apoptotic pathways, enhanced expression of multidrug resistance-associated proteins, altered drug metabolism or uptake and/or overexpression of cytoprotective genes. Thus, potential induction of defence pathways by anticancer drugs might have a marked(More)
Regulation of genes targeted by the ligand-activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) has been shown to be controlled by calcium (Ca(2+)) changes induced by AhR agonists such as the environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The present study was designed to characterize this link between Ca(2+) and the AhR pathway. We report that(More)
Numerous chemical compounds are cytotoxic or carcinogenic to human beings and attention is now focusing on preventative strategies. One agent, oltipraz (OPZ), regarded as one of the most promising chemoprotectors, has been shown to be a potent inducer of phase II enzymes involved in the detoxification of carcinogens, including aflatoxins. However, little is(More)
We have isolated and characterized a human glutathione transferase A4 (hGSTA4) subunit gene from a yeast artificial chromosome containing several other glutathione transferase alpha genes and pseudogenes. The homodimeric protein hGSTA4-4, is involved in the detoxification of 4-hydroxynonenal and other reactive electrophiles produced by oxidative metabolism,(More)
Regulation of genes targeted by the ligand-activated aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) has been shown to be controlled by calcium (Ca ) changes induced by AhR agonists such as the environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). The present study was designed to characterize this link between Ca and the AhR pathway. We report that fast(More)