Claudine Bertrand

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The Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) signaling pathway has been implicated in cell transformation and proliferation. Besides aberrant cell proliferation, loss of cell-cell adhesion during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is an important event which occurs during development of epithelial cancers. However, the(More)
AIM To investigate whether Src, JAK2 and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways are involved in the proliferation of human colonic tumour cells induced by glycine-extended gastrin (G-gly), the precursor of the mature amidated gastrin and to elucidate the molecular interaction between these three kinases in response to this peptide. METHODS Using(More)
The fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 isoform of 210 amino acids (HMW FGF-2) contains a nuclear localization sequence (NLS) and is targeted to the nucleus. This FGF-2 isoform allows cells to grow in low serum concentrations through still unknown mechanisms called intracrine regulations. Different peptide hormones and cytokines have been found to be(More)
To date very few G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been shown to be connected to the Janus kinase (JAK)/STAT pathway. Thus our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the activation of this signaling pathway by GPCRs remains limited. In addition, little is known about the role of the JAK pathway in the physiological or pathophysiological(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that gastrin and the CCK-2 receptor (CCK2R) could contribute to pancreatic carcinogenesis by modulating processes such as proliferation, cell adhesion or migration. In the current study, we used a 'cancer gene array' and identified beta1-integrin subunit as a new gastrin-regulated gene in human pancreatic cancer cells. We(More)
AIM To analyse αv integrin expression induced by gastrin in pancreatic cancer models. METHODS αv integrin mRNA expression in human pancreatic cancer cells was analysed using a "cancer genes" array and confirmed by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Western blotting and semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry were used to(More)
The most frequently occurring lesions in the colon are the hyperplastic polyps. Hyperplastic polyps have long been considered as lesions with no malignant potential and colonoscopy for these patients is not recommended. However, recent works suggest that hyperplastic polyps may represent precursor lesions of some sporadic colorectal cancers. Until now, no(More)
One of the major angiogenic factor released by tumor cells is VEGF. Its high expression is correlated with poor prognosis in colorectal tumors. In colon cancer, gastrin gene expression is also upregulated. In these tumors, gastrin precursors are mainly produced and act as growth factors. Recently, a study has also shown that the gastrin precursor, G-gly(More)
MTI/G-Gly mice and hGAS mice, overexpressing glycine-extended gastrin (G-Gly) and progastrin, respectively, display colonic mucosa hyperplasia, hyperproliferation, and an increased susceptibility to intestinal neoplasia. Here, we have used these transgenic mice to analyze in vivo the modulation of intracellular signaling pathways that may be responsible for(More)
The tumour suppressor p53 plays a complex role in the regulation of apoptosis. High levels of wild type p53 potentiate the apoptotic response, while physiological range, low levels of the protein have an anti-apoptotic activity in serum starved immortalized fibroblasts. Here we report that primary fibroblast-like cells that show normal growth control are(More)