Claudine Beauchamp

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Ulcerative colitis is a chronic, relapsing inflammatory condition of the gastrointestinal tract with a complex genetic and environmental etiology. In an effort to identify genetic variation underlying ulcerative colitis risk, we present two distinct genome-wide association studies of ulcerative colitis and their joint analysis with a previously published(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) and celiac disease (CelD) are chronic intestinal inflammatory diseases, involving genetic and environmental factors in their pathogenesis. The two diseases can co-occur within families, and studies suggest that CelD patients have a higher risk to develop CD than the general population. These observations suggest that CD and CelD may(More)
Helper-dependent (HD) adenoviral vectors devoid of all viral coding sequences have a large cloning capacity and have been reported to provide long-term transgene expression in vivo with negligible toxicity, making them attractive vectors for gene therapy. Currently, the most efficient means of generating HD vectors involves co-infecting 293 cells expressing(More)
CD47 and signal regulatory protein (SIRP) interactions have been proposed to take part in autoimmune disease susceptibility. Importantly, a recent genome-wide association study for type 1 diabetes susceptibility highlighted the association of the 20p13 region comprising the SIRP cluster, where some of the SIRP proteins encode functional ligands to CD47.(More)
Using our recently described model of acute lung injury in rats after systemic activation of complement by cobra venom factor (CVF), we demonstrated that pretreatment of animals with human milk apolactoferrin (in its native or derivatized form), but not iron-saturated lactoferrin, provides significant protection against complement- and neutrophil-mediated(More)
Acute thermal injury (70 degrees C, 30 sec) to rat skin results in progressive consumptive depletion of the complement system. Individual complement components (C3, C4, C6) each show reductions in hemolytic activity. Crossed immunoelectrophoresis analysis of serum from thermally injured rats reveals conversion of C3 compatible with activation of the(More)
Regulatory T cells appear to show great potential for use in cellular therapy. In particular, CD4(-)CD8(-) (double negative (DN)) T cells, which compose 1-3% of the total number of T lymphocytes, exhibit prominent antigen-specific immune tolerance properties and confer immune tolerance in models of allografts and xenografts. We have recently shown that(More)