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In human subjects, the risk of becoming overweight (OW) in adulthood is largely determined early in childhood. However, early-life factors have not been considered for feline obesity. A total of eighty colony cats, fed ad libitum, were studied; various breeds, ages and sex were included, with thirty-six (45 %) being OW and forty-four (55 %) being of ideal(More)
The frequency and the specificities of antinuclear antibodies (ANAb) were studied in dogs with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and compared to those found in normal dogs and in dogs with various infectious diseases. Whole ANAb were detected by immunofluorescence. Anti-double-stranded DNA Ab were found in only 2% of SLE dogs, whereas anti-single-stranded(More)
In the canine systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), anti-double stranded DNA (ds-DNA) antibodies (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or indirect immunofluorescence on Crithidia luciliae) are rare whereas anti-histone antibodies are often found: 61.7% with ELISA and 74% with immunoblot. In canine SLE the pattern of anti-histone antibodies on immunoblot(More)
Using an immuno-enzymatic technique, the authors studied the production of anti-collagen I and II auto-antibodies in 171 cases of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 40 cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 21 cases of overriding syndrome. Cellular immunity to native collagen II was tested in a group of 26 patients with RA and 27 control subjects, by(More)
In human subjects, the risk of becoming overweight (OW) in adulthood is largely determined early in childhood. However, early-life factors have not been considered for feline obesity. A total of eighty colony cats, fed ad libitum, were studied; various breeds, ages and sex were included, with thirty-six (45 %) being OW and forty-four (55 %) being of ideal(More)
Over a period of 4-months, feeding small breed dogs with a regular dry diet supplemented with a daily oral hygiene chew resulted in a significant reduction in plaque deposition (17.3%) and calculus accumulation (45.8%) compared with dogs fed the dry diet alone. Daily feeding of a specifically designed oral hygiene chew that reduces plaque and calculus(More)
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