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In the complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), several theories proposed the existence of pathophysiological mechanisms of central origin. Recent studies highlighted a smaller representation of the CRPS-affected hand on the primary somatosensory cortex (SI) during non-painful stimulation of the affected side. We addressed the question whether(More)
A combination of 5 Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the left primary somatosensory cortex together with tactile coactivation applied to the right index-finger representation (coac + rTMS) boosted tactile discrimination ability tested on the right index-finger. Applying coactivation alone caused a 0.25 mm lowering in tactile(More)
Use is a major factor driving plasticity of cortical processing and cortical maps. As demonstrated of blind Braille readers and musicians, long-lasting and exceptional usage of the fingers results in the development of outstanding sensorimotor skills and in expansions of the cortical finger representations. However, how periods of disuse affect cortical(More)
Making a saccadic eye movement involves two decisions, the decision to initiate the saccade and the selection of the visual target of the saccade. Here we provide a theoretical account for the time-courses of these two processes, whose instabilities are the basis of decision making. We show how the cross-over from spatial averaging for fast saccades to(More)
BACKGROUND The decline of motor performance of the human hand-arm system with age is well-documented. While dominant hand performance is superior to that of the non-dominant hand in young individuals, little is known of possible age-related changes in hand dominance. We investigated age-related alterations of hand dominance in 20 to 90 year old subjects.(More)
Selective attention to a target yields faster and more accurate responses. Faster response times, in turn, are usually associated with increased subjective confidence. Could the decrease in reaction time in the presence of attention therefore simply reflect a shift toward more confident responses? We here addressed the extent to which attention modulates(More)
Dynamic Field Theory is based on spatially continuous representations of parameter space and provides a mathematical framework to study the metric structure of representations. We review evidence for such metric structure and provide a Dynamic Field Theory of stimulus-response association to account for effects caused by the metric structure of(More)
OBJECTIVE For young subjects, it is well-documented that training and practice improve sensorimotor performance. However, little is known about how the typically observed age-related decline of sensorimotor abilities can be ameliorated by sensory stimulation. METHODS As an alternative approach to training, we have introduced a tactile coactivation(More)
The neocortex contains orderly topographic maps; however, their functional role remains controversial. Theoretical studies have suggested a role in minimizing computational costs, whereas empirical studies have focused on spatial localization. Using a tactile multiple-choice reaction time (RT) task before and after the induction of perceptual learning(More)
Many attempts are currently underway to restore age-related degraded perception, however, the link between restored perception and remodeled brain function remains elusive. To understand remodeling of age-related cortical reorganization we combined functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with assessments of tactile acuity, perceptual learning, and(More)