Claudia Vegetti

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Activating BRAF or NRAS mutations have been found in 80% of human sporadic melanomas, but only one of these genetic alterations could be detected in each tumour. This suggests that BRAF and NRAS ‘double mutants’ may not provide advantage for tumour growth, or may even be selected against during tumorigenesis. However, by applying(More)
Because changes in the expression level of antigen-processing machinery (APM) components and HLA class I and II antigens in melanoma cells are expected to affect their interactions with the immune system of the host, we assessed the clinical relevance of quantitative variations in the expression of these molecules in melanoma lesions. Short-term (<10 in(More)
In this study we tested the hypothesis that loss of T cell signaling molecules in metastatic melanoma patients' T cells may affect differently T cell subsets characterized by distinct TCR variable regions. By a two-color immunofluorescence technique, expression of zeta-chain, lck, and ZAP-70 was evaluated in CD3+ T cells and in three representative T cell(More)
Systemic effects on T-cell-mediated antitumor immunity, on expression of T-cell adhesion/homing receptors, and on the promotion of T-cell infiltration of neoplastic tissue may represent key steps for the efficacy of immunological therapies of cancer. In this study, we investigated whether these processes can be promoted by s.c. administration of low-dose(More)
Activating mutations in BRAF and NRAS oncogenes in human melanomas are mutually exclusive. This finding has suggested an epistatic relationship but is consistent even with synthetic lethality. To evaluate the latter possibility, a mutated NRAS(Q61R) oncogene was expressed, under a constitutive or a doxycycline-regulated promoter, in a metastatic melanoma(More)
Human melanoma is hardly ever curable at an advanced stage, but overwhelming evidence from untreated or vaccinated patients indicates that this tumor is highly antigenic and frequently immunogenic. Here, we review recent results indicating that CD8+ T cell–mediated antitumor immunity is activated at the systemic and tumor level in the early clinical stages(More)
CD8(+) T cells at the earliest stage of effector generation have not been identified at tumor site of melanoma patients. Such early effectors, if present, should be characterized by a specific phenotype, distinct from that expressed at later stages of the antigen-induced differentiation program, by short-lived effector cells, memory precursors, and terminal(More)
Improving treatment of advanced melanoma may require the development of effective strategies to overcome resistance to different anti-tumor agents and to counteract relevant pro-tumoral mechanisms in the microenvironment. Here we provide preclinical evidence that these goals can be achieved in most melanomas, by co-targeting of oncogenic and death receptor(More)
PURPOSE To assess the extent of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) activation in response to interleukin 2 (IL-2) in melanoma patients' T cells, along with clinical stage of tumor progression. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN T lymphocytes from peripheral blood of healthy donors and of American Joint Committee on Cancer stage I to IV melanoma(More)
The molecular characterization of melanoma-associated Ags allowed the definition of several HLA class I-presented peptides recognized by T cells. However, no HLA-A3.1-restricted melanoma epitopes have been identified to date. To gain insight into the HLA-A3.1-restricted T cell epitope repertoire of human melanoma, we analyzed the immunologic reactivity of(More)