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The mechanisms of RNA replication of plus-strand RNA viruses are still unclear. Here, we identified the first promoter element for RNA synthesis described in a flavivirus. Using dengue virus as a model, we found that the viral RdRp discriminates the viral RNA by specific recognition of a 5' element named SLA. We demonstrated that RNA-RNA interactions(More)
The 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) of the dengue virus (DENV) genome contains two defined elements essential for viral replication. At the 5' end, a large stem-loop (SLA) structure functions as the promoter for viral polymerase activity. Next to the SLA, there is a short stem-loop that contains a cyclization sequence known as the 5' upstream AUG region(More)
Flaviviruses include a highly diverse group of arboviruses with a global distribution and a high human disease burden. Most flaviviruses cycle between insects and vertebrate hosts; thus, they are obligated to use different cellular machinery for their replication and mount different mechanisms to evade specific antiviral responses. In addition to coding for(More)
Dengue virus (DENV) genome amplification is a process that involves the viral RNA, cellular and viral proteins, and a complex architecture of cellular membranes. The viral RNA is not a passive template during this process; it plays an active role providing RNA signals that act as promoters, enhancers and/or silencers of the replication process. RNA elements(More)
Flavivirus RNA replication involves cyclization of the viral genome. A model for this process includes a promoter element at the 5' end of the genome and long-range RNA-RNA interactions. Two pairs of complementary sequences present at the ends of the viral RNA, known as 5'-3'CS and 5'-3'UAR, have been proposed to be involved in dengue virus genome(More)
Many viral pathogens cycle between humans and insects. These viruses must have evolved strategies for rapid adaptation to different host environments. However, the mechanistic basis for the adaptation process remains poorly understood. To study the mosquito-human adaptation cycle, we examined changes in RNA structures of the dengue virus genome during host(More)
The activation of purified and phospholipid-depleted plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase by phospholipids and ATP was studied. Enzyme activity increased with [ATP] along biphasic curves representing the sum of two Michaelis-Menten equations. Acidic phospholipids (phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylserine (PS)) increased Vmax without affecting apparent(More)
Sequences and structures present at the 5' and 3' UTRs of RNA viruses play crucial roles in the initiation and regulation of translation, RNA synthesis and viral assembly. In dengue virus, as well as in other mosquito-borne flaviviruses, the presence of complementary sequences at the ends of the genome mediate long-range RNA-RNA interactions. Dengue virus(More)
The mechanism by which viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerases (RdRp) specifically amplify viral genomes is still unclear. In the case of flaviviruses, a model has been proposed that involves the recognition of an RNA element present at the viral 5' untranslated region, stem-loop A (SLA), that serves as a promoter for NS5 polymerase binding and activity. Here,(More)
The dengue virus genome is a dynamic molecule that adopts different conformations in the infected cell. Here, using RNA folding predictions, chemical probing analysis, RNA binding assays, and functional studies, we identified new cis-acting elements present in the capsid coding sequence that facilitate cyclization of the viral RNA by hybridization with a(More)