Claudia Trenkwalder

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BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome is a common yet frequently undiagnosed sensorimotor disorder. In 1995, the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group developed standardized criteria for the diagnosis of restless legs syndrome. Since that time, additional scientific scrutiny and clinical experience have led to a better understanding of the condition.(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need for an easily administered instrument which can be applied to all patients with restless legs syndrome (RLS) to measure disease severity for clinical assessment, research, or therapeutic trials. The pathophysiology of RLS is not clear and no objective measure so far devised can apply to all patients or accurately reflect severity.(More)
BACKGROUND No formal instruments are available for quantifying sleep problems in Parkinson's disease. OBJECTIVE To develop a new sleep scale to quantify the various aspects of nocturnal sleep problems in Parkinson's disease, which may occur in up to 96% of affected individuals. METHODS Employing a multidisciplinary team approach, a visual analogue scale(More)
Recently, a new locus (PARK8) for autosomal dominant parkinsonism has been identified in one large Japanese family. Linkage has been shown to a 16-cM centromeric region of chromosome 12, between markers D12S1631 and D12S339. We tested 21 white families with Parkinson disease and an inheritance pattern compatible with autosomal dominant transmission for(More)
To identify rare causal variants in late-onset Parkinson disease (PD), we investigated an Austrian family with 16 affected individuals by exome sequencing. We found a missense mutation, c.1858G>A (p.Asp620Asn), in the VPS35 gene in all seven affected family members who are alive. By screening additional PD cases, we saw the same variant cosegregating with(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple system atrophy are brain disorders characterised by intracellular α-synuclein deposits. We aimed to assess whether reduction of α-synuclein concentrations in CSF was a marker for α-synuclein deposition in the brain, and therefore diagnostic of synucleinopathies. METHODS We assessed(More)
BACKGROUND The previous Parkinson's disease sleep scale (PDSS) is a 15-item visual analogue scale that assesses the profile of nocturnal disturbances in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. OBJECTIVE To extend the scale so that it becomes a frequency measure scale with five categories and encompasses unmet needs such as restless legs syndrome, akinesia,(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is often accompanied by non-motor complications, such as dementia, depression, and psychotic symptoms, which worsen the prognosis and increase the personal and socioeconomic burden of disease. Prevalence estimates of these complications are quite variable and are lacking for the outpatient care sector. As part of a larger,(More)
The results of seven population-based studies were examined separately and pooled to obtain age- and sex-specific estimates of the prevalence of PD. An in-person screening instrument and diagnostic clinical examination were used to detect potential PD cases. The overall prevalence (per 100 population) in persons 65 years of age and older was 1.8, with an(More)
Because accumulation of alpha-synuclein (alphaS) in the brain is a hallmark of Parkinson disease (PD) and related disorders, we examined its occurrence in human cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Following affinity enrichment and trypsin digestion of CSF collected from a neurologically healthy donor, we identified several alphaS-derived peptides by mass(More)